Antonyms in English: Construals, Constructions and Canonicity
Cambridge University Press, Feb 23, 2012 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 170 pages
The study of antonyms (or 'opposites') in a language can provide important insight into word meaning and discourse structures. This book provides an extensive investigation of antonyms in English and offers an innovative model of how we mentally organize concepts and how we perceive contrasts between them. The authors use corpus and experimental methods to build a theoretical picture of the antonym relation, its status in the mind and its construal in context. Evidence is drawn from natural antonym use in speech and writing, first-language antonym acquisition, and controlled elicitation and judgements of antonym pairs by native speakers. The book also proposes ways in which a greater knowledge of how antonyms work can be applied to the fields of language technology and lexicography.
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acquisition active–passive adjectival Adult-Produced Writing Ancillary Antonymy antonym canonicity antonym co-occurrence Antonym Construction antonym relations antonym users antonymous adjectives approach APW-E B-pair binary opposition bounded British National Corpus canonical antonym pairs canonical pairs Chapter child Child-Directed Speech COBUILD cognitive Cognitive Linguistics con conceptual configuration construal Construction Grammar context contrastive constructions conventionalized Coordinated Antonymy corpus dimension direct antonyms discourse functions discussed domain elicitation experiment example frames functions of antonymy grammatical hyponyms ical input instance interpretations investigations Japanese judgement experiment language lexical items lexical relations linguistic Lund University meaning structures Murphy and Jones negated antonyms non-canonical antonyms nouns Ontologies onym opposed paradigmatic Paradis and Willners participants properties psycholinguistic retrieved scalar scale searched semantic relations sentences speakers Speech English Structuralist Swedish synonyms syntagmatic Table test items test set tions types unbounded unrelated word pairs usage-based model web-as-corpus word class WordNet