Apollo: The Lost and Forgotten Missions

Front Cover
Springer Science & Business Media, 2002 - Science - 344 pages
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The structure of Apollo - The Lost and Forgotten Missions follows the development and in flight testing of the Apollo lunar spacecraft prior to Apollo 11 as well as missions planned following that first landing. Drawing upon combinations of archival documentation from the first four manned Apollo missions and future mission plans evolved in the summer of 1969 Apollo - The Lost and Forgotten Missions will fill this void. The text explains how the machines and the men were prepared for the landing on the moon and what would have followed the initial landings.
 

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Contents

Extending the capabilities
1
Building blocks
3
Powering Apollo
6
Handling the hardware
10
APOLLO A AND APOLLO X
14
Development of Apollo X
17
Apollo Extension System AES
18
Spacecraft configuration
21
The D mission
178
The E mission
179
Circumlunar Apollo
181
MANRATING APOLLO
183
The learning curve
184
PLANNING THE FIRST LANDINGS
189
Landing sites
190
Experiments
192

AES EXPERIMENTS
22
AES SUMMARY
44
New applications
47
Block III reference missions
48
MOUNTING TELESCOPES ON APOLLO
52
CSMATM hardware and systems
53
Orientation section
54
Thermal control
55
Solar monitor subsystem
56
Command subsystem
57
Power subsystem
58
Prelaunch operations
59
ATM operations
60
EVA film recovery and stowage
61
Ground control
62
ATM telescopes
63
Contaminants and failures
64
LM versatility
66
Space tugRescue LM
67
LM solar ATM
70
EVOLUTION OF THE LMATM CONCEPT
71
AAPLMA MISSION CONFIGURATION
76
LMAATM STRUCTURAL CONSIDERATIONS AND CONFIGURATIONS
77
LMA mission profile
81
Block III CSM modifications for the AAP
82
AAP subsystems summary
85
Block HI CSM production
86
AN INSERTED MISSION
87
NASAs baseline AAP1A mission profile
89
AAP1A experiment carrier
91
AAP1A proposed experiments
93
Experiment operations
95
Crew activities
96
Crew station design
97
Crew training
98
Block 1 missions
101
The building block concept
102
Apollo abort modes
103
Saturn 1 development launches
104
Saturn 1 B development launches
109
PLANNING THE FIRST MANNED MISSIONS
111
Selecting the crews
114
The first astronauts for Apollo
115
a mission to nowhere
118
Apollo 2 experiments
120
Apollo 2 research objectives
121
Cancellation of the Block I Apollo 2
125
Crew changes
126
THE UNFLOWN MISSION OF APOLLO 1
128
Launch
129
Initial activity
133
Block I pressure suits
136
Housekeeping chores
137
Ground support
139
SPS burns
140
Navigation and star sightings
142
Experiment activities
144
Spacecraft habitability
149
Deorbit and landing
151
After the mission
152
Small steps
155
ROBOTIC EXPLORERS
156
Ranger19611965
157
Surveyor 19661968
159
Lunar Orbiter 19661967
160
Other missions
162
Robotic explorer summary
163
APOLLO TRAILBLAZERS
164
Seven steps to the Moon
165
Apollo designations
166
UNMANNED APOLLO
167
Apollo 4 A mission
168
Apollo 5 B Mission
172
Apollo 6 A mission
173
ASTRONAUT ASSIGNMENTS
175
Simulation crews
176
D and E mission assignments
177
Equipment
193
Achieving the goal
195
Lunar logistics
197
GRUMMAN AND BOEING STUDIES
199
GRUMMAN LM UTILISATION STUDIES
201
LM Shelter
204
LM Taxi
206
LM Truck
207
HARDWARE DEVELOPMENTS
208
Sixman CSM
209
Lunar Cargo Vehicle LCV
213
Mobile Laboratory MOLAB
214
Moon base
219
Uprating the Saturns
220
EXPANDING THE EXPLORATION
222
Exploration plans November 1966
225
Summer study 1967
226
Studies during 1968
227
Exploration planning
231
GOALS AND OBJECTIVES IN LUNAR EXPLORATION
232
SELECTING THE SITES
233
Target landing sites
234
H mission landing sites
236
J Mission landing sites
237
FLIGHT PROFILES
240
Multiple impulse LOITEI manoeuvres
241
J series GSM modifications
242
Extendedstay Lunar Module
245
A7L suits and portable life support systems
247
Mobility aids
249
SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATIONS
250
Orbital experiments
252
Lunar surface experiments
253
Lunar handtools
254
FLIGHT SCHEDULE7
255
Mission assignments
256
G missions
257
I alternative nonlanding missions
259
J missions Apollo 1620
260
The scope of Apollo
265
Changing the mission
267
A DELETED MISSION
269
Sharpening the budget axe
271
Apollo 20 crew assignment
272
Flight planning April 1970
275
THE LOST EVAS
276
A place to go
277
Apollo 13 and Apollo 14 crew selection
278
Preparing for flight
282
Back to the Moon
283
2100 13 April15 April 1970
284
the first steps
286
ALSEP3 deployment
289
EVA1 geological sample collection
293
EVA1 contingency plans
294
a walk on the wild side
295
EVA2 contingency plans
299
Lunar orbit operations 1517 April 1970
300
MISSION CANCELLED
301
Mission planning summer 1970
302
Apollo Jmission crewing summer 1970
303
The axe falls
307
Disposing of the hardware
309
LUNAR POLAR MAPPING MISSION
310
THE LAST MEN OF APOLLO
311
Beyond the Moon
317
EMPIRE
319
An interplanetary Apollo CSM?
320
MSFC Mars report 1965
322
Planetary Joint Action Croup JAG
323
Scheduling the Saturns
325
Boeing Mars study report 1968
328
THE SECOND MAJOR CHALLENGE OF SPACE
330
A new challenge?
332
Bibliography
337
Index
339
Copyright

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Walking in Space
David Shayler
Limited preview - 2004
Walking in Space
David Shayler
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About the author (2002)

David Shayler is the creator of the Astro Info Service and has published more than 15 books, including "Apollo," "Gemini Steps to the Moon," and "Women in Space.

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