Apollodorus Mechanicus, Siege-matters
Apollodorus of Damascus is the best-known architect of the early second century AD, the era of Trajan and Hadrian. In the civil domain, he is credited with planning and constructing prestigious projects in Rome itself, including Trajan's Forum and Baths; in the military sphere he bridged the Danube and wrote a Siege-matters treatise for his patron-emperor. Addressed (it is argued here) to Trajan rather than Hadrian, and with a view to the campaigning conditions anticipated in Dacia, the treatise therefore proffered suggestions and designs suitable for a Roman army operating in that rugged terrain and attacking its hill-top settlements. However, as P. H. Blyth first realised, what has been transmitted under Apollodorus' name includes many later elaborations, armchair-fantasy inventions which, if ever built, could never have been effective. This, the work's first English translation and the first full commentary on it in any language, gives modern readers criteria for differentiating between these two disparate categories of material, thus allowing an assessment of each component in the terms appropriate to it.
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anacoluthon Apollodorus Apollodorus of Damascus Athenaeus auxai auxcov beams boarding-bridge brackets cables central-uprights Commare fig context crossbeams dactyls depicts dKpov drill dvco e7ti easily-procured eKdxepa elaborated figure ground Hadrian height helepolis interpolated iron plates Jotapata Kaxa Kaxd Kdxco Lacoste Lacoste 234 ladders lemma Lendle Lendle's fig length likewise LSJ s. v. manuscript illustrations material mentioned ms.M nailed nepi noun Oxav Par.Pol passage Pdpr phrase pins planks poles Poliorcetica Polyb post-Ap raft ram tortoise Roman Sackur Schildkroten Schneider fig sense side storey Sullivan suspension Syrianus Texte thickness timbers tion tiXov toise tower Trajan Trajan's Column translation treatise twelve feet 3.55 upright verb wall wedge Wescher fig wheels Whitehead & Blyth writer xaiq xcbv xcov xeixei xeixoq xf|v xfjq xoiq xoix Xpeia yivexai