Application of thermal technologies for processing of radioactive waste
The primary objective of this publication is to provide an overview of the various thermal technologies for processing various solid, liquid, organic and inorganic radioactive waste streams. The advantages, limitations and operating experience of various thermal technologies are explained. This publication also goes beyond previous work on thermal processes by addressing the applicability of each technology to national or regional nuclear programs of specific relative size (major advanced programs, small to medium programs, and emerging programs with other nuclear applications).--Publisher's description.
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acid advantages applications aqueous as-generated Basic description batch calcination carbon chemical combustion chamber components considerations contain cooled decommissioning decontamination digester disposal economic Email emissions end product feeding system filters final waste form fluidized bed furnace gases glass melt heat HEPA high temperature IAEA immobilization incineration incineration system induction inorganic ion exchange resins JHCM Kalpakkam kg/h solid kg/hr LILW limited liquid waste melter mobile off-gas off-gas system off-gas treatment system Operational experience organic liquid organic waste oxidation plant plasma torch processing facility processing technologies publication pyrolysis pyrolyzer radioactive waste radionuclides reactions recycled regulatory residue Russian Federation scrubber self-sustaining vitrification slag solid waste spent ion exchange steam reforming steel Synroc Telephone thermal processes thermal technologies thermochemical treatment throughput typically vitrification vitrification process volatile volume reduction factor waste feed waste management waste processing waste streams waste types waste volumes wet combustion zirconolite ZWILAG