Applied Attention Theory
CRC Press, Dec 5, 2007 - Technology & Engineering - 248 pages
Eye witness testimony, training, driving, and display design: these are just a few of the real-world domains in which depend on undivided attention. Emphasizing the link between theory and application, Applied Attention Theory provides a deep understanding of how theories of attention, developed from laboratory-based psychological research, can inform our understanding of everyday human performance in a wide number of applications and environments. The basic theories discussed concern divided, focused, and selective attention, and areas of application include mental workload measurement, multi-tasking, distracted driving, complex display design, education, and the training of attentional skills.
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ability activity aircraft alarm alert allocation applied attentional control auditory automaticity automation Baltes behavior bottleneck capture change blindness channels clutter cognitive color complex component concept context cuing described detection discussed in chapter distractors divided attention driver dual-task performance effects effort emergent feature environment example expected value Experimental Psychology eye movements fixation focused attention Gopher Horrey Human Factors important inattentional blindness increase integration interference interruption Journal of Experimental Kahneman Kramer levels measures memory mental model modalities monitoring multiple task multitask neuroergonomic object operator operator’s parallel processing Parasuraman perceptual pilots predicts real-world resource demand response role saccade salience Schneider SEEV SEEV model selective attention serial shown in Figure signal single-channel theory single-task spatial Spence stimulus strategies switch costs target task management task performance time-sharing tion Treisman visual angle visual attention visual lobe visual scanning visual search Wickens
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