Applied Clay Mineralogy: Occurrences, Processing and Applications of Kaolins, Bentonites, Palygorskitesepiolite, and Common Clays
This book on Applied Clay Mineralogy is comprehensive. It covers the structure, composition, and physical and chemical properties of kaolinite, halloysite, ball clays; bentonites including sodium montmorillonite, calcium montmorillonite, and hectorite; and palygorskite and sepiolite. There is also a short chapter on common clays which are used for making structural clay products and lightweight aggregate. The location and geology of the major clay deposits that are marketed worldwide and regionally include kaolins from the United States, Southwest England, Brazil, and the Czech Republic along with halloysite from New Zealand and ball clays from the US, England, Germany, and Ukraine. Bentonites from the U.S. and Europe are included along with palygorskite and sepiolite from the U.S., China, Senegal, and Spain. The mining and processing of the various clays are described. Extensive discussions of the many applications of the clays are included. The appendices cover the important laboratory tests that are used to identify and evaluate the various types of clay. Many figures are included covering electron micrographs, processing flow sheets, stratigraphy, and location maps.
* Provides the structure and composition of clay minerals, as well as their phyisical and chemical properties
* Discusses pplications for Kaolin, Bentonite, Palygorskite and Sepiolite
* Contains appendixes of laboratory tests and procedures, as well as a test for common clays
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Chapter 3 Geology and Location of Major Industrial Clay Deposits
Chapter 4 Exploration Mining and Processing
Chapter 5 Kaolin Applications
Chapter 6 Bentonite Applications
Chapter 7 Palygorskite and Sepiolite Applications
Chapter 8 Common Clays
Appendix A Commonly Used Tests and Procedures for Evaluating Kaolin Samples
Appendix B Common Tests for Evaluation of Ball Clay Samples
Appendix C Commonly Used Tests to Evaluate Bentonite Samples
Apendix D PalygorskiteSepiolite Laboratory Tests
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absorb absorption acid adhesives aluminum applications attapulgite Balance sensitive ball clay bleaching brightness Brookfield calcined calcined kaolin calcium bentonite calcium montmorillonite catalysts cation ceramic Chapter chlorite clay material Clay Mineralogy clay minerals Clay Minerals Society coarse coating color common clays composition Cretaceous Crude clay cylinder deflocculant dispersed dried drilling dry process dry strength electron micrograph elongate exchange capacity filter fired flask fuller’s earth Georgia granules green strength Grim and Guven grit halloysite hectorite hydrometer hydrothermal illite kaolin kaolin deposits kaolinite layer located mesh metakaolin mined mixer montmorillonite Murray nacrite octahedral sheet oven palygorskite and sepiolite paper percent physical and chemical pigment plasticity Procedure pulverized quartz refractory remove sample screen sensitive to 0.1 shrinkage sieve silica slurry smectite soda ash sodium bentonite sodium montmorillonite sodium polyacrylate solids solution structure surface area Table temperature tetrahedral sheet thickness thixotropic viscometer viscosity weight
Page 8 - I. Amorphous Allophane group II. Crystalline A. Two-layer type (sheet structures composed of units of one layer of silica tetrahedrons and one layer of alumina octahedrons) 1. Equidimensional Kaolinite group Kaolinite, nacrite, etc.