Applied Logic: How, What and Why: Logical Approaches to Natural Language

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László Pólos, M. Masuch
Springer Science & Business Media, Mar 31, 1995 - Computers - 392 pages
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A selection of papers presented at the international conference `Applied Logic: Logic at Work', held in Amsterdam in December 1992. Nowadays, the term `applied logic' has a very wide meaning, as numerous applications of logical methods in computer science, formal linguistics and other fields testify. Such applications are by no means restricted to the use of known logical techniques: at its best, applied logic involves a back-and-forth dialogue between logical theory and the problem domain.
The papers focus on the application of logic to the study of natural language, in syntax, semantics and pragmatics, and the effect of these studies on the development of logic. In the last decade, the dynamic nature of natural language has been the most interesting challenge for logicians. Dynamic semantics is here applied to new topics, the dynamic approach is extended to syntax, and several methodological issues in dynamic semantics are systematically investigated. Other methodological issues in the formal studies of natural language are discussed, such as the need for types, modal operators and other logical operators in the formal framework. Further articles address the scope of these methodological issues from other perspectives ranging from cognition to computation.
The volume presents papers that are interesting for graduate students and researchers in the field of logic, philosophy of language, formal semantics and pragmatics, and computational linguistics.
 

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Contents

A ModelBased Theory
1
VERBPHRASE ELLIPSIS IN DYNAMIC SEMANTICS
29
LOGICS
61
ARE TYPES NEEDED FOR NATURAL LANGUAGE?
79
INDEXICAL DYNAMICS
121
IMPLICIT AND EXPLICIT DEFINABILITY IN MODAL AND TEMPORAL LOGICS
153
EVOLVING ALGEBRAS AND MATHEMATICAL MODELS OF LANGUAGE
161
INFORMATION STATES IN SITUATION THEORY
195
LOGIC FINITE AUTOMATA
237
DYNAMIC ASPECT TREES
287
LOGIC AS A FOUNDATION FOR A COGNITIVE THEORY OF MODALITY ASSIGNMENT
321
MEETING A MODALITY? Restricted Permutation for the Lambek Calculus
343
UPDATE SEMANTICS FOR PRCPOSITIONAL TEXTS
363
INDEX
387
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About the author (1995)

Michael T. Hannan is the Stratacom Professor of Management in the Graduate School of Business and professor of sociology at Stanford University. Laszlo Polos is professor of organization theory at the Durham Business School in the United Kingdom. Glenn R. Carroll is the Laurence W. Lane Professor of Organizations in the Graduate School of Business and (by courtesy) professor of sociology at Stanford.