Part I: General physics and applications of x-radiation: Before and after the discovery by roentgen. X-ray tubes. High-tension equipment. The measurement of intensity (dosage). The measurement of quality (Wave length). X-ray spectra and atomic structure. Chemical analysis from x-ray spectra. The absorption and scattering of x-rays. Radiography. X-ray photochemistry. The biological effects of x-radiation. Part II: The x-ray analysis of the ultimate structures of materials: Crystallography and x-ray diffraction. The experimental x-ray methods of crystal analysis. The interpretation of diffraction patterns in terms of ultimate structure. The results of crystal analysis: elements and inorganic compounds. Crystal chemistry: fundamental generalizations from experimental data. The silicates. Minerals, soils, ceramics, cements. Alloys. The crystalline and molecular structures of organic compounds. The structure of glasses, liquids, and other colloidal and amorphous materials. The interpretation of diffraction patterns in terms of grain size, orientation, internal strain, and mechanical deformation. Practical applications of x-ray diffraction to problems of the metallurgical industry. Polymers-synthetic and natural materials with giant molecules.
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absorption acid alloy aluminum analysis angle annealing atomic number atoms axes body-centered cubic bond Bragg carbon atoms cathode cellulose cent chains Chem chemical colloidal complete compounds coordination copper corresponding crystalline cubic curve diffraction patterns direction distance effect electric electrons elements energy equation experimental face-centered cubic fiber axis film fluorescent goniometer grains groups hexagonal homopolar hydrogen increase indicated intensity interferences ionic ionization ionization chamber ions irradiation Laue liquid magnetic measured metal method micelles molecular molecules monoclinic normal obtained orthorhombic oxygen parallel particles photographic planes position preferred orientation produced properties proteins radiation radiographic random rays reciprocal lattice reflection rings rolling rotation rubber scattering sheet shown in Fig shows single crystal solid solid solution solution space-group spacing specimen spectra spots steel structure substances symmetry target temperature tetragonal tetrahedral tion tissue unit cell values voltage wave length wire x-ray beam x-ray diffraction x-ray patterns x-ray tube