Applied Physiology: A Manual Showing Functions of the Various Organs in Disease

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Medical Press, 1907 - Pathology - 206 pages
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Page 69 - It consists in laying the subject in the prone posture, preferably on the ground, with a thick, folded garment underneath the chest and epigastrium. The operator puts himself athwart or at the side of the subject, facing his head, and places his hands on each side over the lower part of the back (lowest ribs).
Page 181 - SUMMARY. In estimating abdominal pain, and especially in connection with illnesses giving the symptoms of "ileus," we must bear in mind, briefly, that : 1. Pains do not originate within the abdominal organs which are supplied only by sympathetic fibers and the vagus nerves. 2. All pains originate in the abdominal wall, more especially in the parietal serous membrane and subserous connective tissue structures which are innervated by the cerebrospinal nerves. 3. Stretching of the parietal (mesenteric)...
Page 26 - In such cases in association with the onset of the period of hyperpnea, acceleration of the auricles and marked retardation of the ventricles may occur. In the present state of our knowledge, these changes in the rates of auricles and ventricles can be explained only on the assumption that they are caused by a simultaneous diminution in the tone of the vagus and accelerator centers in the medulla. The auricles, which are influenced mainly by the vagus, would then beat faster, whereas the ventricles,...
Page 147 - ... that fever is most frequently the result of the entrance of harmful agents into the fluids of the body. It is probable that the entrance of parasites and their multiplication within the body causes an increased tissue destruction, either directly or through the production of unformed ferments; and at the same time substances are produced which act as poisons upon the central nervous system. The action of the poisons may be assumed to be such that, on the one hand, activity of muscles and glands,...
Page 171 - ... and are washed down with the urine. "Third, that -they consist of coagulable elements of the blood which gain access to the renal tubules through pathological lesions of the latter, and that any free or partly detached products of the tubules become entangled in this coagulable product, assisting to form the moulds of the tubules, which subsequently appear in the urine as casts.
Page 64 - ... or gills. In man and the air-breathing vertebrates the latter device is employed and one may distinguish in such animals between internal and external respiration. By the latter term is meant the gaseous exchange, absorption of oxygen and elimination of carbon dioxid, that takes place in the lungs between the blood in the pulmonary capillaries and the air in the alveoli. By internal respiration is meant the similar exchange that takes place in the systemic capillaries between the blood and the...
Page 172 - By virtue of its continuity the nervous system puts into connection all the other systems of the body. Conforming as it does in shape to the framework of the body, its branches extend to all parts. These branches form...
Page 4 - ... [Lect on the Blood.] In this paper, I have no wish, even had I space, to make any extended applications of these researches, to physiological and morbid conditions, although, deductions, fundamentally important, are involved in the same. The scalp'el is truly the greatest, and most generally successful...
Page 5 - MD—" The physician mixes, combines and jumbles together vegetable, mineral and animal substances, and administers them, right or wrong, without considering for a moment the cause of the disease, and without a single clear idea of his conduct.
Page 25 - It might be added that the vagus likewise does not act on the ventricles of man, since in cases of complete heart block atropin does not increase the ventricular rate, although it exercises the usual accelerating effect over the auricles. It has long been known that in cases of StokesAdams disease (heart block) the pulse rate is remarkably stable. For example, changes in posture have not the usual effect on the pulse rate.

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