## Applying Norm-Referenced and Criterion-Referenced Measurement in Education |

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### Contents

Definitions of Measurement and Test 1 Levels of Measurement 2 Norm | 14 |

Central Tendency Variability and Shape of a Distribution 16 Three Kinds | 27 |

Percentage Scores 31 Percentile Ranks and Percentiles 32 Summary | 38 |

Copyright | |

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### Common terms and phrases

achievement test alpha answer application approach aptitude arithmetic arithmetic mean assessing average calculate chapter classroom conditional distributions construct validity content validity correct response correlation coefficient criterion score criterion variable criterion-referenced test deviation scores difference scores discussion domain-referenced test Educational equal equation equivalent error of measurement error score essay evaluating examinee's example EXERCISE SET factors Figure formula grade hence individual individual's instructional internal consistency interpretation interval estimates math mean measurement theory norm norm-referenced test normal distribution number of items objectives observed score obtained p-level particular Pearson percentage score percentile rank population posttest prediction Prior learning conditions problem procedure question quiz rater ratings raw score relationship relatively represents result sample scatterplot situation standard deviation standard error stanine statistics student Suppose Table teacher tend test construction test items test length test reliability test score distribution Trait Anxiety transformation true score variance