Apposition in Contemporary English
Apposition in Contemporary English is the first full-length treatment of apposition. It provides detailed discussion of its linguistic characteristics and of its usage in various kinds of speech and writing, derived from the data of British and American computer corpora. Charles Meyer demonstrates the inadequacies of previous studies and argues that apposition is a grammatical relation realized by constructions having particular syntactic, semantic and pragmatic characteristics, of which certain are dominant. The language of press reportage, fiction, learned writing and spontaneous conversation is analyzed.
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1 Apposition as a grammatical relation
2 The syntax of apposition
3 The semantics of apposition
4 The pragmatics of apposition
5 Apposition in the grammar of English
Appendix 1 Grammatical tags
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adverbials American English anaphora appellation and characterization apposition in example appositions containing appositions occurred appositions whose units attributive British English Brown Corpus cataphorically central apposition characteristics of apposition class of identiﬁcation classes of appellation common Congruence relation construction in example contained units coordination coreference coreferential corpora deﬁne deﬁnite noun phrase exempliﬁcation ﬁction ﬁrst unit Form Brown LLC frequently gradient of apposition grammatical relations Humanistic hyponym hyponymy illustrates indeﬁnite juxtaposed kind of apposition lacking a determiner learned writing LLC SEU Total markers of apposition modiﬁcation nominal appositions Non-nominal apposition nonrestrictive apposition noun phrases example number of appositions obligatory markers old information Optional markers percent peripheral apposition postmodiﬁcation prepositional press genre press reportage pronoun proper noun Proper NP Quirk relative clause restrictive and nonrestrictive samples second unit semantic classes semantic relations speaker speciﬁc subject complement synonymy syntactic forms syntactic function Table to-clause type of apposition unit in example units in apposition