Approaches to Social Enquiry: Advancing Knowledge
Since its initial publication, this highly respected book has provided students with a much needed critical review of the major research paradigms in the social sciences and the logics or strategies of enquiry associated with them. Approaches to Social Enquiry draws together a vast body of literature from the philosophy of science, the philosophy of social science, social theory and research methodology.
It focuses on questions such as: How is new social scientific knowledge produced or existing knowledge further developed? What status does this knowledge have and how can this be established? To what extent can the ways of advancing knowledge in the natural sciences be used in the social sciences? What major dilemmas do social researchers face in the development of new knowledge? No other text offers such a clear and accessible, but still rigorous, account of these sometimes complex debates.
This second edition has been thoroughly updated to encompass the most contemporary debates about the conduct and underpinnings of social research. More attention is also paid to research practice. In addition, integrated empirical examples have been included to illustrate and extend the philosophical and theoretical discussion.
Approaches to Social Enquiry will be invaluable to advanced undergraduate and graduate students who are planning their own research or studying research methods, and to researchers across a wide range of disciplines.
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Advancing Knowledge Using Four Research Strategies
Classical Research Paradigms
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Abductive action activities adopted answer argued behaviour Bhaskar causal chaos theory chapter claims Classical Hermeneutics complexity theory concepts concerned constructionism context Critical Rationalism critical realism Critical Theory critique culture depth realist descriptions developed dominant Durkheim empirical empiricism epistemological assumptions epistemology Ethnomethodology everyday existence experience explanation falsificationism Feminism feminist Gadamer Garfinkel Giddens Habermas Harré Hence human hypotheses ideal types idealist ideas interaction interpretation Interpretivism knowledge language logic meaning methodological methods natural sciences neo-realism objectivity observations ontological and epistemological ontological assumptions particular phenomena philosophy philosophy of science Popper position Positivism possible postmodernism produce realist ontology regarded rejected relationship research paradigms research problem research strategies Retroductive Schütz scientific shallow realist social actors social enquiry social reality social research social sciences social scientists social structures social theory social world sociology Structuration Theory suicide testing theoretical tion tradition truth understanding Weber