Approximate justice: studies in non-ideal theory
In this book, distinguished philosopher George Sher explores the normative moral and social problems that arise from living in a decidedly non-ideal world ”a world that contains immorality, evil, and injustice, and in which resources (including knowledge) are often inadequate. Sher confronts difficult issues surrounding preferential treatment and equal opportunity, compensatory justice and punishment, the allocation of goods by lottery, and abortion and moral compromise. In each case, Sher asks not what an ideal society would involve, but how we should deal with failures to live up to individual or social ideals. Challenging current academic orthodoxy, Sher's work is sure to incite discussion among students and scholars alike. Approximate Justice is an engaging and provocative book that will excite anyone with interest in social and political philosophy, justice, and law.
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Ancient Wrongs and Modern Rights
Compensation and Transworld Personal Identity
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actual world affirmative action alternative world ancient wrongs appear argue argument basic best-qualified claimant claims of justice compensatory consequentialist constraints counterfactual desert of compensation deserve compensation discussion distributive justice effects effort effort-making ability egalitarian elective abortions entitlements extra freedom fact fair favor George Sher given harm inequalities intuitions John Rawls John Schaar Judith Jarvis Thomson justified lack less level of well-being lottery ment moral Moreover Nozick's official view one's past discrimination performance personal desert Philosophy and Public position possible worlds precisely Preferential Hiring preferential treatment principle problem question racial and sexual racial or sexual Rawls Rawls's Rawlsian reason rectified world relevant require reverse discrimination right violations rights or claims Robert Nozick seems selection self-respect sexual groups simply social someone sort suggestion Theory of Justice Thomas Nagel tion trade-offs unfair University Press utilitarian utility victim view of compensation women women's traditional preferences wrong act wrongdoer