Aquatic Geomicrobiology

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Gulf Professional Publishing, 2005 - Science - 640 pages
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Microbes catalyze countless chemical reactions in nature which control the chemistry of the environment. Aquatic Geomicrobiology looks at these reactions and their effect on the aquatic environments from the perspective of the microbes involved. The volume begins with three introductory chapters outlining the basic principles of microbial systematics, microbial ecology, and chemical thermodynamics. These provide a framework for exploring the microbial control of elemental cycling in the remaining chapters. Readers will learn how microbes control the cycling of elements, the structure of the microbial ecosystems involved, and what environmental factors influence the activities of microbial populations.

  • Also available in hardback
  • Written by international experts in the microbial ecology and biogeochemistry of aquatic systems
  • Includes introductory chapters on microbial systematics, principles of microbial ecology, and chemical thermodynamics
  • Contains over 1500 references
 

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Contents

Introduction
24
Population Growth
28
Environmental Extremes
39
Population Ecology
45
Social Behavior and Cell Differentiation
61
Thermodynamics and Microbial Metabolism
66
Equilibrium
70
Gas Solubility and Henrys Law
73
Microbial Manganese and Iron Reduction in Aquatic Environments
299
Stable Iron Isotopes and Iron Cycling
312
Dissimilatory Sulfate Reduction
320
Elemental Sulfur Reduction
341
Inorganic vs Biological Control of Sulfide Oxidation
347
Phototrophic Sulfide Oxidation
357
Disproportionation
370
The Methane Cycle
383

Basic Aspects of Cell Biochemistry
80
Energetics of Organic Matter Mineralization during Respiration
89
Introduction
95
Carbon Fixation Pathways
105
Energetics of Carbon Fixation
111
Isotope Fractionation during Carbon Fixation
120
Heterotrophic Carbon Metabolism
129
Aerobic Carbon Oxidation
144
Carbon Assimilation
155
Carbon Preservation
162
Chemical Considerations
170
Microbial Oxygen Consumption
180
Phylogeny and Evolution of Oxygen Respiration
188
Stable Oxygen Isotopes and Microbial Oxygen Transformations
202
ADVANCES IN MARINE BIOLOGY VOL 48 6 2005 Elsevier
205
Biological Nitrogen Fixation
209
Microbial Ammonification and Nitrogen Assimilation
219
Nitrification
232
Dissimilatory Nitrate Reduction
246
Anammox
261
The Iron and Manganese Cycles
269
Assimilation
276
Microbial Reduction
290
Methanotrophy
402
Isotope Fractionation
414
The Global Phosphorus Cycle
420
The Role of Microbes in Phosphorus Cycling
427
Phosphorite Formation
431
Phosphorus Cycling in Aquatic Environments
432
The Silicon Cycle 1 Introduction
441
Overview of Silica Chemistry and Mineralogy
442
Silica Formation by Diatoms
445
Silicon Biogeochemistry
450
Silicon Cycling in Aquatic Environments
458
Evolution of the Silica Cycle over Geological Time
462
Microbial Ecosystems 1 Introduction
465
Microbial Mats
466
Stratified Water Bodies
480
Mangrove Forests
493
Appendices
507
References
517
Taxonomic Index
601
Subject Index
607
Series Contents for Last Ten Years
637
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Page 574 - Burland, V., Mau, B., Glasner, JD, Rose, DJ, Mayhew, GF, Evans, PS, Gregor, J., Kirkpatrick, HA, Posfai, G., Hackett, J., Klink, S., Boutin, A., Shao, Y., Miller, L., Grotbeck, EJ, Davis, NW, Lim, A., Dimalanta, ET, Potamousis, KD, Apodaca, J., Anantharaman, TS, Lin, J., Yen, G., Schwartz, DC, Welch, RA, and Blattner, FR (2001).
Page 583 - Schink, B. (1997). Energetics of syntrophic cooperation in methanogenic degradation.
Page 589 - M., Fuerst, JA, Kramer, EHM, Logemann, S., Muyzer, G., van de Pas-Schoonen, KT, Webb, R., Kuenen, JG, and Jetten, MSM 1999.
Page 530 - Canfield, DE, J0rgensen, BB, Fossing, H., Glud, R., Gundersen, J., Ramsing, NB, Thamdrup, B., Hansen, JW, Nielsen, LP, and Hall, POJ, 1993a, Pathways of organic carbon oxidation in three continental margin sediments, Mar.
Page 562 - Klug, MJ 1982. Kinetic analysis of competition between sulfate reducers and methanogens for hydrogen in sediments.

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About the author (2005)

Donald E. Canfield is professor of ecology at the University of Southern Denmark and director of the Nordic Center for Earth Evolution (NordCEE). He is a member of the National Academy of Science, coauthor of "Aquatic Geomicrobiology" and coeditor of "Fundamentals of Geobiology.

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