Archaeology and Text: The Temple in South Asia
Himanshu Prabha Ray
Oxford University Press, 2010 - Cultural property - 311 pages
What is a temple? Who built or patronized such structures and why? Temples have always formed a crucial element of the cultural landscape of South Asia. Combining textual analysis, archaeology, and archival research with contemporary anthropology, Archaeology and Text provides a stimulating appraisal of religious life in the past.
Through detailed case studies from regions like Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bengal, and Orissa, the book examines both the religious architecture of the temples and the cultural practices surrounding them. The essays underscore the importance of the temple in its interaction with diverse interest groups, such as worshippers, ritual specialists, ascetics, patrons, artisans, and others. They also show how temples were not only expressions of political authority but also formed important centres of learning, popular devotion, and pilgrimage.
The volume explores the development of bhakti and ascetic traditions in the subcontinent in relation to temples. It investigates the relationship between sacrificial rituals and devotional practices; emergent religious cultures and older traditions; and temples and renouncers. The collection also questions the notion of boundaries surrounding religious traditions underlining the fact that present categories do not fit neatly in those of a bygone era. The introduction provides a succinct account of sacred spaces as they came to be defined in archaeological records from the first millennium BCE onwards.
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The Ambika Temple at Jagat
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acarya Advaita Aihole Ambarnath Ambika temple Aparajitaprccha Archaeology architect AVPar Badami Bengal Bhagavata Mahatmya Bhagavata Purana bhakti movement Bhubaneswar Brahma Brahmins Brindavan carved caves centre century Chota Kailasa closed hall colonial consecration context Cort Courtesy Sandrine Gill cult culture dated deﬁned deities Delhi depicted Devi devotees Dhaky divine early Ellora ﬁgures ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁve friezes Gacch goddess gods Govindadev Guhila Haridvar Hindu Hindu temples Ibid identiﬁed India Indra inscription installation Islamic Jagat Jain Jaina Jainism Jina Kailasa Kailasanatha temple Kandariya Mahadeva Kantanagar temple Khajuraho king Krishna mandala Mathura medieval mendicants monuments Mughal Murtipujak narrative Orissa Pattadakal performed period pillar priest puja Rajasthan Rama Ramatankas refers region religion religious tokens rites ritual sacriﬁce Saiva samavasarana samnyasin sanctum Sankara Sankaracarya Sanskrit sculptures shrine signiﬁcant Siva speciﬁc stone structure Svetambar temples and icons texts textual tradition Upanisad Vedic Visnu visual wall worship yajria zamindar