Archaeology in Africa and in Museums: An Inaugural Lecture Given in the University of Cambridge, 22 October 2002
David Phillipson is the first Professor of African Archaeology to be appointed at any UK university, and is Director of Cambridge University's Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. In the first part of this passionately argued lecture, he makes the case for the importance of 'archaeology in Africa' and 'Africa in archaeology'. Africa was almost certainly the birthplace of the first hominids and has an archaeological record longer than any other continent. Drawing on examples from the archaeology of Ethiopia, specifically the ancient civilisation of Aksum, Phillipson highlights the contribution that archaeology can make to the understanding of that continent and its people, and demonstrates the relevance of African archaeology to mankind as a whole. In the second part of this lecture, Phillipson defends the vital role of museums as custodians of a significant part of our international cultural heritage and as an essential resource for the furtherance of international scholarship.
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academic adoption of Christianity African Archaeology Aksum ceased Aksumite king ancient Aksum Arabic archaeo Archaeology and Anthropology ARCHAEOLOGY IN AFRICA archaeology of Ethiopia Archives & Libraries British Museum cater civilisation coinage colophon continent DCMS decline of Aksum early emphasise Eritrea Ethiopian agriculture Ethiopian Church Ethiopian highlands exploited Ezana furtherance of international hatsani Danael inscription hominids importance of archaeology Inaugural Lecture given indigenous international cultural heritage Kaleb Kebra Negast kings of Aksum known Lalibela late thirteenth century manuscripts material mid-fourth century monotheism monumental museum collections Museum of Archaeology MUSEUMS An Inaugural Nile Valley northern Ethiopia oldest Ethiopian overseas period Phillipson pottery preserved Professor of African Queen of Sheba recently Red Sea coast relevance religion rock-cut churches role of museums Roman Empire rulers seum seventh centuries sixth century sources square structure stelae stone inscriptions storey studies subsistence tion trade Trustees university museums University of Cambridge visitor Zagwe