Archaeometallurgy In India
Ancient metals and their manufacturing make a fascinating, as well as challenging subject of academic investigation. The overgrowing application of scientific knowledge and sophisticated analytical techniques in archaeological studies have opened newer perspectives on the understanding of ancient metals and metallurgy. The resultant inter-disciplinary subject of Archaeo-metallurgy adds new dimensions to archaeological research. It bridges the gap of Arts and Sciences. It is only through such an approach that one can make an authentic reconstruction of man s techno-cultural achievements through the ages. In India, the potentials and significance of such a line of inquiry has yet to be fully recognized. The Department of Ancient History, Culture and Archaeology, Banaras Hindu University, hosted a Seminar in October, 1991 to take stock of the exiting knowledge of the subject and to initiate a meaningful dialogue among scholars of allied disciplines towards defining and identifying precise inter disciplinary nature of the subject. Archaeologists, Historians, Indologists and Metallurgists interacted on a wide range of themes: metals in archaeological contexts, ethno-archaeological data, and socio-economic implications of the metals. This volume comprises of the papers presented in the Seminar. It is sincerely hoped that this venture will expand the boundaries, infuse a scientific temper and set new trend into archaeological studies.
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Some Residual Problems
The Metallurgical Tradition of the Harappans
Transition from Neolithic to Copper Age at Kushadwip
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Agrawal alloy analysis Ancient India anthropomorphic anthropomorphic figure archaeological archaeometallurgy artifacts Assam Atharvaveda ayas Banaras Hindu University bangle Bihar bowl brass bronze carbon carburized cast cementite centres century A.D. Chalcolithic charcoal chemical clay coins colour context copper Copper Hoard crucible culture cupellation Dariba dates Delhi deposits developed district earliest eastern India edge evidence excavations extraction fire forging furnace gold Grey Ware Gujarat Harappan heat History implements indicates ingot Iron Age iron objects iron smelting iron technology ironmaking large number lead magnetite Mangalkot material Mauryan metal technology metallic zinc metallographic metallurgy millennium B.C. minerals mines Museum Orissa oxide pattern pearlite period phase Pradesh Prakash present production quenching Rajasthan reference region reported Rigveda rocks Seruwila shape Sharma shouldered axe silver slag smelters smelting steel surface technique temperature texts tribal Tripathi Varanasi Vedic vessels weapons West Bengal Zawar zinc