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Addingham Amazonas ancient British antiquaries antiquity appear Archaeological archaic blocks boulder British Archaeological Association bronze age called camp carved Celtic Celts centre chambers character circular cist cliff concentric circles concentric rings connected Conwell covered cromlech crosses cup and ring cup markings cup-like curious deep described discovered discovery district Dowth east engraved feet figures foot gneiss Grange Graves grooves groups hill hollows human Ilkley inches in diameter incised Indians inscribed stones instances Ireland Irish Kilkenny lines lingam Lochgilphead megalithic miles monuments Moor neighbourhood Northumberland occur Ogham Old Bewick origin ornament oval Phallic portion present race remarkable represent resemblance ring marks rock markings rock surfaces Routing Lynn rude sandstone says Scotland sculptured rocks sculptured stones sepulchral shape side similar slope spiral Staigue surrounded symbols Tate Thomas Betterton tool Tossene traces tumulus various worship
Page 46 - Odin was sworn by persons joining their hands through the hole in this ring stone, and that an oath so taken, although by Christians, was deemed solemn and binding. This ceremony was held so very sacred in those times, that the person who dared to break the engagement made there was accounted infamous and excluded from society.4 Principal Gordon, in his 'Journey to the Orkney Islands...
Page 98 - Eites and Mysteries connected with the Origin, Rise, and Development of Serpent Worship in various parts of the World, enriched with Interesting Traditions, and a full description of the celebrated Serpent Mounds and Temples, the whole forming an exposition of one of the phases of Phallic, or Sex Worship.
Page 50 - M ; there is a U like character ; forms like hatchets with handles, and one the rude outline of a horned quadruped. But while having analogies to the Cuddy's Cove figures, none of them belong to the same group as the typical concentric circles of Northumberland. Mr. Ferguson regards them, however, as of great antiquity. ' The singular taste,' he says, ' and the barbaric aspect of the objects, appear to the writer to refer them to a race having more of the characteristics of the Indian and Polynesian...
Page 43 - ... which form its upright pillars are fully as large as those found at New Grange, and several of them are carved like those which we have already described in that place. Many of the carvings, however, at Dowth, which present great beauty of design, differ somewhat from those at New Grange. We find here, in addition to those already figured, a number of wheellike ornaments and concentric circles, and others with lines radiating from a point ; while some very much resemble the Ogham character, consisting...
Page 12 - Brumby. foreign words and metaphors. I therefore give a faithful version of it, in order that, by translating their recital almost word for word, the majesty of the language may exhibit the majestic achievements and the heroism of the English nation.
Page 41 - ... at New Grange and Dowth are as a rule spirals, without the central hollow or intersecting channel, and are associated with fern-leaf patterns, and also with lozenge, zigzag and chevron-like markings, which are analogous to the ornamentation of the fictile sepulchral vessels occurring in these islands, generally supposed to be Celtic, and the massive penannular rings and flat lunulae of fine gold, so many examples of which have been found in Ireland.
Page 83 - ... variety as might have been expected on this hypothesis. Again, if the circles represented shields, what could be meant by the openings in the circumference of many of them. Lastly, what connexion could there be between the idea of shields, and the long lines appearing in the Staigue monument, or the short ones on that at Ballynasare. "Another idea was, that these figures were designed to represent astronomical phenomena.
Page 67 - ... Surveys," an instance of the bird-track character inscribed upon the rocks of Arizona. Professor Kerr, of North Carolina, states that he has noticed similar characters cut in the rocks of one of the passes of the Black Mountains, at the head of the Tennessee River. These facts indicate wide-spread universality in the use of this style of inscription, and it indicates something higher than the present symbolical, or picture writing, of the North American Indians.