Archibald J. Motley Jr
Archibald J. Motley Jr. (1891–1981) devoted his prodigious and critically acclaimed career to portraying African Americans seriously rather than as caricatures, hoping that honest African American art would become accepted and a subsequent synthesis would occur, creating an American art form appreciated by all, regardless of racial identity.Drawing on the artist's paintings and eloquent writings; recently unearthed taped interviews; unpublished paintings and sketches; and her own interviews, research, and firsthand analysis, Amy M. Mooney examines Motley's work from the 1920s through the 1940s and discusses his significant contributions to the American art scene. Color images reveal the breadth of Motley's subject matter, from early portraiture to café society to genre scenes.
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achieve aesthetics African American art African American artists Alain LeRoy Locke Alain Locke appearance Archibald Archie Motley Archives and Manuscripts Art Institute audience beauty black artists black culture Bronzeville cabarets character Chicago Defender Chicago Historical Society Collection of Archie color composition contemporary courtesy Chicago Historical Creole depictions exhibition Fannie Barrier Williams Figure Gallery of Art genre scenes goal grandmother Guggenheim Fellowship Harlem Renaissance Harmon Foundation Howard University Ibid included Institute of Chicago interview by Woodall mammy Manuscripts Collection Mending Socks Modey Motley and Valerie Motley Jr Motley presented Motley's Motley's images Motley's paintings Mulatress Museum Negro Artist Octoroon Octoroon Girl oil on canvas painter palette Photograph courtesy Chicago phrenology physiognomy Plate portrait portraiture race racial identity racial prejudice racism reflected School self-portrait sitter's social Solve My Painting South Side stereotypes tion urban Valerie Gerrard Browne viewer visual W. E. B. Du Bois Washington Williams York