Architectural Fabric Structures: The Use of Tensioned Fabric Structures by Federal Agencies
National Academy Press, Jan 1, 1985 - Architecture - 87 pages
This reprint of the 1985 architectural classic discusses a technology that offers an important alternative to conventional construction, having unique properties that make it useful for certain applications. Due to improvements in materials, structural analysis, and environmental control, these structures can often be considered permanent buildings.The membrane is the principal structural component of a tensioned fabric structure. Under certain circumstances, a tensioned fabric structure can reduce energy consumption in a building. The natural light from the translucent surface reduces requirements for artificial lighting, the reflectivity of the skin reduces heat gain, and the radiation of waste heat from the warm fabric surface to cool sky results in an energy-efficient building in warm climates. In cold climates, a second skin or liner is often used, often with glass fiber insulation in the cavity to further reduce heat loss.In general, as permanent structures, tensioned fabric technology is underutilized. There are many projects or parts of projects that could employ this system.
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acoustical air structures air temperature air-supported structures anticlastic Antispheric applications arches architect Architectural Fabric Structures AREA TYPE COMPLETION building system building types characteristics climates coating committee COMPLETION DATE ROOF conventional building conventional construction conventional structures DATE ROOF COST degrees Fahrenheit DESIGN TEAM FABRIC energy energy-efficient Engineering FABRIC DESIGN TEAM fabric enclosure fabric envelope fabric installed FABRIC ROOF PLAN Fahrenheit fiber fabric supported Figure filament Geiger-Berger Associates glass fiber fabric Hanover Park Hypalon Kevlar materials Neoprene Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corp Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corporation OWNER FABRIC DESIGN panels performance PLAN AREA TYPE Polyvinyl Chloride Pontiac Silverdome prestress pretensioning problem PVC-coated polyester R-value reduce ROOF PLAN AREA Single membrane skin space square feet Tension square foot Includes stress stress concentrations substrate superimposed loads supported by steel supporting structure surface TEAM FABRIC ROOF Teflon Teflon-coated glass fiber tensile strength Tensile Structures tensioned fabric structures translucency TYPE COMPLETION DATE U.S. Army weave yarns