Architecture and Ideology in Eastern Europe During the Stalin Era: An Aspect of Cold War History
Since 1978, Anders Aman has been researching, photographing, and documenting the architectural style known as Socialist Realism. In the midst of the current statue toppling, this book records in over 200 illustrations the government-planned buildings, cities, parks, and monuments from the Stalinist postwar period in Eastern Europe, providing a valuable record and analysis of the relation between architecture and the state in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, and former East Germany.
Very little has been written on architecture and politics during the Cold War period for any country, and next to nothing is known about the architecture, or about state policies reflected in the architecture, of Eastern Europe. Aman not only illuminates these issues but also reveals the influence they had on the course of architectural history in the West.
Following an overview of the Stalinist era and the ideological spread of Socialist Realism, Aman investigates several buildings in detail monumental structures such as the Palace of Culture in Warsaw and Stalinallee in East Berlin - and the socialist cities of Stalinstadt, Nowa Huta, Sztalinvaros, and Dimitrovgrad. Sketching the lives of eight selected architects, he illuminates how their profession was affected by Socialist Realism. Aman also takes up such
political works of art as the influential Polish painting "Pass me a brick!" and the Stalin monuments in Budapest and Prague, noting that even as history is being obliterated, Socialist Realism remains a key to understanding pictorial art and the built environment in Eastern Europe. He concludes with a discussion of how architecture is related to political ideologies.
Anders Aman is Professor of the History and Theory of Art at Umea University, Sweden.
An Architectural History Foundation Book
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aesthetic already antithesis apartment block archi architects Architektura CSR artistic Bauhaus Berlin/O Bierut Bucharest Budapest built Bulgaria Casa Scinteii century Classicism Congress Hall construction Cosmopolitanism Czech Czechoslovakia designed Deutsche Architektur Dimitrovgrad Dresden East Berlin Eastern Europe European example Exposition facade Fischer Functionalism German Hansaviertel Hermann Henselmann high-rise building House of Culture Hungarian Hungary ideological included interwar journal Jozsef Kroha Kurt Liebknecht leaders Lenin mausoleum Modernism Modernist Moscow national form Nowa Huta official painting Palace of Culture pavilion peace people's democracies perspective Plac Ploshtad Pniewski Poland Polish political postwar practical Prague published reconstruction regime Republic Richard Paulick Romania Russian six countries socialism Socialist Realism Sofia Soviet architecture Soviet Union square Stalin Monument Stalinallee Stalinstadt statue of Stalin steelworks street symbolic Syrkus Sztalinvaros tecture Teige tion tower ture urban Warsaw West Western workers