Architecture and Landscape: The Design Experiment of the Great European Gardens and Landscapes
Architecture and Landscape is an innovative analysis of western European landscape design that is the first to provide an insight into conceptual thinking and the three-dimensional aspect. Design information using scientifically objective research methods is used to make topological comparisons of different plans taken from all influential periods of landscape design in Europe. This analysis has been implemented to examine the "rational plan" in the classic tableaux of the 15th- and 16th-century Italian Renaissance villa, the "formal design" that reached its zenith in the quintessential 17th-century French Baroque garden, and the "scenic composition" as expressed in the panoramic English gardens of the 18th-century classical revival period. Architecture and Landscape communicates the infectious excitement felt by the authors at one of Europe's leading schools of architecture and urban design, the faculty of architecture at the Delft University of Technology, on making new discoveries using their research methodology. Their findings are comprehensively documented and provide a clear model for future analyses. Architecture and Landscape provides a new tool for both present-day and future landscape and urban designers. It also facilitates a profound understanding of the design tradition in the West, and promotes landscape design as an autonomous discipline, distinguishing itself from architecture and urban planning.
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Introduction THE GARDEN AS AN ARCHITECTONIC LABORATORY
Aspects of landscape architectonic form 14 The basic form 14
Chapter One THE POETICS OF THE RATIONAL the Italian Renaissance villa
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18th-century agricultural Arc de Triomphe arch architect avenue axes axial became Belvedere Boboli Gardens bridge Bridgeman building built cascade Castle Howard central centre century chateau Chatsworth classical cortile Cortile del Belvedere Cour created design matrix east elements entrance facade Florence forecourt forest formal Fountain front geometric Grand Canal grid grotto Harewood Hawkstone Hawkwell hectares Henderskelfe Hill horizon important intersection kilometres laid Lake land landscape architecture landscape garden layout linked loggia main axis metres morphology natural landscape Obelisk painting palazzo Palladio panorama Paris Park Parterre perspective piano nobile pond principle axis Renaissance River road Roman Rome Rousham scape seen side valley slope space spatial axis square St Germain-en-Laye Stourhead Stowe surface symmetry tapis vert Temple terrace terrain theatre transverse trees Tuileries urban Vanbrugh Vaux-le-Vicomte Versailles Villa Emo Villa Medici Villa Rotonda vista visual Walk wall Wood