Architecture in France in the Eighteenth Century, Volume 38

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Yale University Press, 1995 - Architecture - 294 pages
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Architecture in France in the Eighteenth Century Wend von Kalnein French architecture of the eighteenth century - which exhibited great technical ability and refined taste - influenced architectural style throughout Europe. This handsome book is a survey of the French architecture of the period. It begins with the origins of the 'style moderne' under the last years of Louis XIV, discusses the end of Rococo and the return to antiquity, and concludes with the Revolutionary architecture and the house of Madame Récamier. Kalnein describes the development of palace and hôtel architecture by the two great architects de Cotte and Boffrand, discussing such large urban projects as the reconstruction of Rennes and the Places Royales. He traces the return to antiquity (which began when the scholars of the Académie d'Architecture were sent to Rome), the revolutionary architecture with its grand, but never executed, projects, and the shift from neoclassicism to early romanticism. Kalnein also examines the decorative arts of the period, which became even more important than architecture in the Rococo period. Focusing on such architects as Boffrand, Gabriel, and Redoux, he shows how a study of their building decoration illuminates the evolution of 'style moderne,' the battle between Rococo and Neoclassicism, and the dissemination of French styles throughout Europe.
 

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Contents

tuf school of jules hardounmansart and
1
Robert de Cotte
8
Germain Bojfrand
24
Domestic Architecture in and outside Paris
35
Decoration
57
t Introduction
73
The Art of the Court and the Early Work ofAngeJacques Gabriel
87
Emmanuel Here and Architecture in Lorraine under King Stanislas
93
Clerisseau Le Camus deMezieres
173
Domestic Architecture in Paris and the Early Work ofBoullee and Ledoux
190
Neoclassical Ch u rch A rchitectu re
199
Decoration
208
THE SECOND PHASE OF VEOCLASSICISM
215
Court Art 121
221
Public Architecture and the Late Work ofLedoux
235
Revolutionary Architecture
249

Private Building
102
EARLY NEOCLASSICISM l 755 I 775
131
Legeay and the Genesis ofSeoclassicism in Rome
139
Mature Work and Followers
145
JacquesGermain Sottffiot
165
Decoration
263
List of Abbreviations
271
Bibliography
283
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