Architecture of Herod, the Great Builder

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Baker Academic, Oct 1, 2008 - Architecture - 443 pages
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Herod the Great was one of the famous builders of the classical world. Judaea, his kingdom, a crossroads between the Eastern Mediterranean countries, Mesopotamia, Arabia, and Egypt, symbolizes the transition between the Hellenistic and Early Roman periods as well as the climax of the Second Temple period, which witnessed the emergence of many religious and spiritual movements including Christianity. Beyond the influence of the matured Hellenistic architecture, the developing Roman architecture, and the local building activity of his predecessors, the Hasmonaeans, Herod's buildings benefited from his analytical mind, creative imagination, and deep understanding of the process of building and planning. The consequences are outstanding structures such as Masada's Northern Palace and Herodium's cylindrical palatial fortress, and the peak of his achievements are Caesarea Maritima with its deepwater harbor and the rebuilding of Jerusalem's Temple Mount. Having an architectural as well as archaeological background, Ehud Netzer is able to highlight Herod's personal involvement and contributions in his building projects. This book presents, in many aspects, the first comprehensive synthesis of Herod's enterprises from archaeological and, mainly, architectural viewpoints.
 

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Contents

Chapter
3
Chapter
9
Chapter
15
Introduction
243
The Planning of Temples
270
The Planning of Sport and Entertainment Facilities
277
RUOG
288
Herods Personal Involvement in his Building Projects
295
Herodian Building Materials and Methods E Netzer
309
Herodian Architectural Decoration O Peleg
320
Herodian Stuccowork Ceilings S Rozenberg
339
Wall Paintings of the Herodian Period in the Land of Israel
350
HerodianMosaic Pavements R Talgam and O Peleg
377
Bibliography
415
Index of Sources
429
Copyright

Herods Building Program
302

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About the author (2008)

Ehud Netzer (1934-2010) was professor emeritus at the Institute of Archaeology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He initiated and directed excavations at several building projects of Herod the Great and authored the award-winning Masada, volume 3, The Buildings: Stratigraphy and Architecture. He received his PhD from Hebrew University.

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