Arctic Ecosystems in a Changing Climate: An Ecophysiological Perspective
F. Stuart Chapin III, Robert L. Jefferies, James F. Reynolds, Gaius R. Shaver, Josef Svoboda, Ellen W. Chu
Academic Press, Dec 2, 2012 - Science - 469 pages
The arctic region is predicted to experience the earliest and most pronounced global warming response to human-induced climatic change. This book synthesizes information on the physiological ecology of arctic plants, discusses how physiological processes influence ecosystem processes, and explores how climate warming will affect arctic plants, plant communities, and ecosystem processes.
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active layer Alaska alpine Arct arctic ecosystems arctic plants arctic tundra areas atmospheric CO2 Barrow Betula biomass Carex Chap Chapin and Shaver climate change communities cyanobacteria cycling decomposition decrease Devon Island Dryas Ecol ecosystems effects elevated CO2 environment environmental Eriophorum Eriophorum vaginatum evergreen ﬁxation flux forest global graminoids growing season habitats herbivores High Arctic increase L. C. Bliss leaf lichens Low Arctic Miller mineralization mosses N2 fixation nitrogen Nitrogen Fixation northern nutrient availability nutrient uptake Oechel Oecologia organic matter patterns peat permafrost phosphorus photosynthesis photosynthetic rates plant growth polar deserts potential precipitation predict primary production processes relatively respiration response roots Salix secondary metabolites sedge shrubs simulations snow snowmelt soil moisture soil temperatures Sphagnum Springer-Verlag spruce subarctic summer surface Svoboda taiga tissue tree line Truelove Lowland tundra tundra ecosystems tundra plants tussock tundra vaginatum vascular plants vegetation warming water relations Watershed Wrangel Island