Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: Background and Issues

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Nova Publishers, 2003 - Nature - 150 pages
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The rich biological resources and wilderness values of north-eastern Alaska have been widely known for about 50 years, and the rich energy resource potential for much of that time. The future of these resources has been debated in Congress for over 40 years. The issue for now is whether to open a portion of what is now the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) to allow the development of potentially the richest on-shore source of oil remaining in the United States, and if so under what restrictions. The coastal northern plain of the Refuge is the focus of the debate. This remote and largely untouched area is an example of an arctic ecosystem that, by virtue of being essentially intact, is increasingly rare. It has been called 'America's Serengeti', for vast herds of caribou, for the many nesting and feeding migratory birds, and for its predators such as grizzly bears, polar bears, wolves and golden eagles. The area also has immensely promising oil prospects, which some feel could be as productive as Prudhoe Bay. It is heralded as a place which could help reduce national dependence on foreign oil and keep the Alaskan oil pipeline in use for decades. Advocates for development foresee benefits to the oil industry, the people of Alaska, and the national economy. This book provides basic material for analysing possibilities and implications of the major issues that have been the focus of the debate over its fate.
 

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Contents

Factual Overview Of The Wildlife Refuge
1
The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
31
Caribou And Oil Development On The North Slope
47
The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge The Next Chapter
51
The Dirty Four The Case Against Letting BP Amoco Exxonmobil Chevron And Phillips Petroleum Drill In The Arctic Refuge
71
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge ANWR Controversies For The 108th Congress
97
Drilling In The Arctic Refuge Whats In It For You?
115
ANWR Development Economic Impacts1
119
Permanent Protection Of The Coastal Plain Of The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
125
The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge As Close As Your Own Backyard
129
Potential Impacts Of Proposed Oil And Gas Development On The Arctic Refuges Coastal Plain Historical Overview And Issues Of Concern
131
Index
147
Copyright

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