Arctic Ecosystems in a Changing Climate: An Ecophysiological Perspective
Francis Stuart Chapin (III.), Robert L. Jefferies, James F. Reynolds, Gaius R. Shaver, Josef Svoboda, Ellen W. Chu
Academic Press, 1992 - Science - 469 pages
The arctic region is predicted to experience the earliest and most pronounced global warming response to human-induced climatic change. This book synthesizes information on the physiological ecology of arctic plants, discusses how physiological processes influence ecosystem processes, and explores how climate warming will affect arctic plants, plant communities, and ecosystem processes.
* Reviews the physiological ecology of arctic plants
* Explores biotic controls over community and ecosystems processes
* Provides physiological bases for predicting how the Arctic will respond to global climate change
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accumulation active layer Alaska alpine Arct arctic ecosystems arctic plants arctic tundra areas atmospheric CO2 Barrow Betula Billings biomass Carex Chap Chapin and Shaver climate change communities cyanobacteria cycling decomposition decrease Devon Island Dryas Dupontia fisheri Ecol Ecology ecosystems effects elevated environment environmental Eriophorum vaginatum evergreen fixation rates flux forest global graminoids growing season habitats herbivores High Arctic increase L. C. Bliss leaf lichens limited Low Arctic Miller mineralization mosses nitrogen fixation northern nutrient availability occur Oechel Oecologia organic matter patterns peat permafrost phosphorus photosynthesis photosynthetic rates physiological plant growth plant species polar deserts potential precipitation predict primary production relatively respiration response roots Salix sedge simulations snow snowmelt soil moisture soil temperatures Sphagnum Springer-Verlag spruce subarctic summer surface Svoboda taiga thaw tissue tree line Truelove Lowland tundra tundra ecosystems tundra plants tussock tundra vascular plants vegetation warming water relations Watershed Wrangel Island