Arctic environment variability in the context of global change
Springer, 2003 - Science - 471 pages
The main focus of this book is the study of environmental dynamics in the Arctic, coupled with ecosystem dynamics. Particular emphasis is placed on problems of the composition of the Arctic atmosphere, including minor gases, aerosols and clouds, as well as changes in the composition due to impacts of human activity. Analysis of observational data and numerical modelling results, which characterize the Arctic basin pollution dynamics, and its impact on ecosystems is also provided. Other topics covered include problems of general circulation in the atmosphere and oceans - beginning with the 1930s when the Arctic was regarded as the kitchen of global weather and climate and concluding with the situation today when modern observational data and numerical modelling make for a more balanced view.
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Arctic climate change O M Johannessen M W Miles L Bengtsson
Arctic atmosphere K Ya Kondratyev
Arctic Ocean and sea ice G V Alekseev O M Johannessen
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aerosol air temperature albedo analysis anomalies anthropogenic anticyclonic Arctic Basin Arctic Ocean Arctic seas Atlantic atmospheric circulation average Barents Sea boundary calculated carbon Chukchi Sea climate change cloud coefficient components concentration convection correlation crown closure cycle data set decades decrease distribution drifting stations dynamics ecosystems elevation change estimates Figure formation Franz Josef Land freshwater glaciers global Greenland Ice Sheet Greenland Sea Gyre heat flux heavy metals ice cover Ice Sheet increase interannual Johannessen Kara Sea Kondratyev Krapivin latitudes mass balance maximum measurements melting multiyear North northern hemisphere Novaya Zemlya observed oscillations parameters particles period polar pollution precipitation processes radiation radiative radionuclides region river run-off Russian salinity satellite sea ice seasonal Severnaya Zemlya SHEBA Siberian significant simulation snow cover snow depth spatial species SSMAE stratosphere studies summer surface Table tree ring trends tropospheric ozone upper layer values variability variations warming wave winter Zemlya zone