Are Girls Necessary?: Lesbian Writing and Modern Histories
What do we read as "lesbian," and why? Have we been looking for love in too few places? In this first full-length study of modern lesbian writing, Julie Abraham challenges conventional assumptions about the dangers and pleasures of the coming together of lesbianism and literature. Who would lesbians be without the novel? What would modernism be without lesbian writers? Abraham reads the fevered female romances written by straight men as often as gay women. She also reads the works of high modernist and popular lesbian writers, from Gertrude Stein and Virginia Woolf to Mary Renault, who instead claimed history -- the ancient world, the New World, and war-torn twentieth-century Europe -- as their arena. Abraham offers accounts of major British and American writers, from the trials of Oscar Wilde to Stonewall, from the avant- garde to pulp fiction, from high cultural canons to bestseller lists.
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American argues Autobiography Bagoas Barnes Barnes’s beginning bian Carol Clarissa connection conventional critical cultural Dalloway death discussion Djuna Djuna Barnes erosexual Fayne female couple Feminist fiction ﬁgure ﬁnally ﬁrst focus Four in America Friendly Young Ladies gender George Gertrude Stein girl Hephaistion Hermione Hermione’s heterosexual plot history of events homosexuality identiﬁed lesbian and gay lesbian novel lesbian writers literary literature lives lovers marriage married Mary Renault masculine memory Miss La Trobe modernist mother Narration narrative Nora O’Brien offers ofﬁcial record oflesbianism Outland Payne Persian Boy Picasso possibility produced Professor protagonist queer question Radclyffe Hall Ramsay references relation relationship representations of lesbianism represented Robin Roddy Roddy’s Rodney Blake romance Sally same-sex Sapphira sexual social story structure tell Teresa de Lauretis Therese thing tion Toklas Tom’s tory twentieth century University Press Virginia Woolf Willa Cather woman women writing York