Are Science and Mathematics Socially Constructed?: A Mathematician Encounters Postmodern Interpretations of Science
This book is a history, analysis, and criticism of what the author calls OC postmodern interpretations of scienceOCO (PIS) and the closely related OC sociology of scientific knowledgeOCO (SSK). This movement traces its origin to Thomas Kuhn''s revolutionary work, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962), but is more extreme. It believes that science is a OC social constructionOCO, having little to do with nature, and is determined by contextual forces such as the race, class, gender of the scientist, laboratory politics, or the needs of the military industrial complex.
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1 Rip van Winkle Awakes
2 A Golden Age and its End
3 Ingredients in the PIS Bouillabaisse
4 A Canary in the Mine
5 The Unmasking of Reason
6 Thought Styles and Thought Collectives
7 The Reluctant Revolutionary
8 Anything Goes
9 The Sociological Attack
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academic accepted Alan Sokal analysis argued arguments axioms belief Bloor Bruno Latour century Chapter chess claims Collins concepts conﬂict consequence conventions criticism culture David Bloor deﬁned deﬁnition diﬀerent diﬃcult eﬀect eﬀort epistemological especially example existence explain fact factors fallible feminist Feyerabend ﬁeld ﬁnd ﬁrst Fleck Geison Hersh human ideas ideology incommensurability inﬁnite inﬂuence intellectual interpretation Karl Popper Kuhn Kuhn’s Lakatos Latour logic Ludwik Fleck Mannheim Marxism mathematicians mathematics modern N-rays nature Newton objective observation oﬀer one’s paradigm Pasteur philosophers philosophy of science physics political Popper position possible postmodern predictions problem proof radical rational reality reason reﬂect reﬂexivity relativism result Reuben Hersh Richard Rorty Science Wars scientiﬁc theories scientists seems sense signiﬁcance simply social construction sociological Sokal speciﬁc SSK/PIS Strong Program structure theorems thesis Thomas Kuhn thought style tion tradition true truth University values Woolgar writings