Argentine workers: Peronism and contemporary class consciousness
This provocative study, based on intensive interviews that include questions not always asked by political scientists, offers a revisionist interpretation of the Marxist conception of class consciousness. Avoiding the conventional picture of workers either as helpless victims of society or revolutionary actors-in-waiting, Peter Ranis seeks to redress such approaches with empirical insights into the day-to-day experience of actual people living on wages and salaries. He shows workers beyond the factory walls and office windows: as citizens, parents, consumers, and homeowners. In the context of workers' private lives, their larger political opinions are better understood and interpreted. Argentine Workers provides an insightful analysis of the complex combination of values and attitudes exhibited by workers in a heavily unionized, industrially developing country. These textured views are depicted against the backdrop of traditional Peronist ideology as it is challenged by competing democratic and libertarian views of society. Since the fall of the military junta of 1976-1983, Peronism has reemerged as a majoritarian political party, though with a changed outlook. Ranis's study carefully delineates the attitudes of an Argentine working class in flux. Using a recent survey representing seven major blue-collar and white-collar unions from both the private and public sector, Ranis describes in specific terms what Argentine workers think and say about their unions, their employers, private and foreign enterprise, the economy, the state, privatization, landowners, politics, the military, the Montonero guerrillas, the "dirty war" and the "disappeared," the church, popular culture and leisure pursuits, and their personal lives and ambitions for themselves and their children. His often surprising findings are presented in 56 tables. Ranis's controversial conclusion is that working-class militancy and antiregime activities are distinct from revolutionary politics. The impact of Peronism among rank-and-file workers has been to make them at once social-democratic, liberal, and conservative, while they uphold labor solidarity and union participation in politics. Ranis places his observations in a useful context of working-class political culture that will have implications for theories of class and democracy. He theorizes about working-class lives in ways that will make engrossing reading for Marxist scholars, labor historians, sociologists of work, and Latin Americanists interested in popular culture.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Putting Workers in Perspective
The Historical Connection
The Contexts and Conditions of Labor Under Alfonsin
7 other sections not shown
Other editions - View all
Argentine Workers: Peronism and Contemporary Class Consciousness
No preview available - 1992
Alfonsin Argentine Communist Argentine labor Argentine workers Argentine working class authoritarian autoworker bank employee Bernstein blue-collar bourgeois capital capitalist class consciousness collective bargaining Cordobazo CTERA cultural democracy democratic democratic socialism economic Eduard Bernstein elections enterprise Evolutionary Socialism exploited faction factory Ford foreign Greater Buenos Aires ideology income industrial Interview with bank Interview with light Interview with metalworker Interview with telephone Interview with textile involyed Juan Karl Marx Laborers Employees Total Latin American leadership light and power Louis Bonaparte major Marx Menem metalworker Miklos Haraszti military Montoneros organized Per6n percent of employees Peronism Peronismo Peronist government Peronist party policies political party power worker proceso production question Radical regime represented responses revolutionary schoolteacher sector SEGBA sindicatos SMATA social socialist society struggle survey teachers telephone employee textile worker themselyes tion trade union Ubaldini union delegates union leaders Wilhelm Reich working-class York