Arguing about Climate Change: Judging the Handling of Climate Risk to Future Generations by Comparison to the General Standards of Conduct in the Case of Risk to Contemporaries
Judging the handling of climate risk to future generations by comparison to the general standards of conduct in the case of risk to contemporaries. Intergenerational justice requires that climate risks to future generations be handled with the same reasonable care deemed acceptable by society in the case of risks to contemporaries. Such general standards of conduct are laid down in tort law, for example. Consequently, the validity of arguments for or against more stringent climate policy can be judged by comparison to the general standards of conduct applying in the case of risk to contemporaries. That this consistency test is able to disqualify certain arguments in the climate debate is illustrated by a further investigation of the debate on the social discount rate, used in cost-benefit analysis of climate policy.
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An inconvenient truth
Climate damage as wrongful harm to future generations
Regulation of climate change and the reasonable man standard
A social discount rate for climate damage to future generations based on regulatory law
How reasonable man discounts climate damage
Parallels in reactionary argumentation in the US congressional debates on the abolition of slavery and the Kyoto Protocol
alternative investments argued argument benefits Benjamin’s Cambridge University Press chapter climate change climate damage climate debate climate policy climate risk consumption losses consumption rate contemporaries cost-benefit analysis costs CRIcd damage prevention damage to future depend developing countries Economics emission of greenhouse Environment Environmental equal Ethics example exist foetus fossil fuels future property global warming governments greenhouse gas emissions greenhouse gases harm to future inconvenient truth intergenerational equity intergenerational justice intuitions IPCC Journal Kyoto Protocol Lind marginal propensity National negligence non-identity problem Parfit people’s percent person plaintiff pollution preference present acts principle propensity to save rate of interest rate of return rationalisation reasonable man standard reasonably foreseeable reduce regulation return on investment rights of future risk bearer risk creator risk of climate risk of harm risk-free rate Senator slavery social discount rate social rate Stern Review toekomstige generaties tort law UNFCCC United violated wrongful harm zijn