Cambridge University Press, Jun 20, 2005 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 278 pages
The relationship between verbs and their arguments is a widely debated topic in linguistics. This comprehensive survey provides an overview of this important research area, exploring theories of how a verb's semantics can determine the morphosyntactic realization of its arguments. Assuming a close connection between verb meaning and syntactic structure, it provides a bridge between lexical-semantic and syntactic research, synthesizing the results of work from a range of linguistic subdisciplines and in a variety of theoretical frameworks. It will be invaluable to those working in syntax, semantics, and related fields.
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2 Semantic role lists
3 Current approaches to lexical semantic representation
4 Three conceptualizations of events
5 The mapping from lexical semantics to syntax
6 Thematic hierarchies in argument realization
7 Multiple argument realization
analysis animacy argue argument alternations argument realization options aspectual approach associated atelic Baker benefactive c-command causal chain change-of-state verbs chapter classes of verbs Croft d-structure dative alternation defined determine direct object discussed in section distinct double object variant Dowty Dowty’s English equivalence class event composition event types example Fillmore Fillmore’s goal grammatical relations incremental theme instance involve Jackendoff languages Levin and Rappaport lexical entailments Lexical Mapping Theory lexical semantic representation linguistic localist locative alternation macroroles mapping algorithms morphosyntactic realization multiple argument realization object selection oblique participants Patient Proto-role entailments phenomena polysemy position predicate decompositions Principles and Parameters prominence relations proposed prototypical psych-verbs ranking recipient relevant researchers root rules semantic classes semantic properties semantic role lists sentence sentience stative subevent subject and object suggests syntactic realization syntax telicity thematic hierarchy theory of argument transitive verbs unaccusative unaccusative verbs unergative verbs Valin and LaPolla verb meaning verb’s