Aristotelian and Cartesian Logic at Harvard: Charles Morton's a Logick System & William Brattle's Compendium of Logick, Volume 67
Colonial Society of Massachusetts and distributed by the University Press of Virginia, 1995 - Literary Criticism - 336 pages
Charles Morton was transatlantic Puritanism's most famous educator at the time of his arrival in Boston in 1686. His Logick System advocated the vigorous Aristotelian logic popularized by Melanchthon. William Brattle, a generation younger than Morton, was one of Harvard's most beloved tutors. Brattle introduced newly fashionable Cartesian logic into the Harvard curriculum. His Compendium of Logick ultimately superseded the text of his well known colleague and continued to be used at Harvard until the mid-eighteenth century. Although Harvard was a small provincial outpost in the history of logic, its position in America as a bastion of Puritanism makes it an excellent locale for the examination of one idiosyncratic strain of dogmatic, religiously-oriented logical thought. Morton's and Brattle's texts teach us much about the Puritans, especially about the epistemology, psychology, and theology that supported their particular form of religious rationalism.
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ReligiouslyOriented DogmaticallyInclined Humanistic
Preface to the Reader 141
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Accident affirmative Animal arguments Aristotelian logic Aristotle Arnauld Art of Thinking assent axioms body Boston Brattle's Brattle's logic Burgersdijck Cambridge Cartesian logic cause certainty chap Charles Morton Christian church Compendium of Logick contrary copula Cotton Mather curriculum Definition demonstration Descartes Diff discourse distinct divine testimony doctrine dogmatic doth effect England English Ergo essentiall faith false generall Genus habit Harvard College Henry Flynt human humanistic logic Increase Mather Individuall Institutio intellectual Jansenists John John Leverett Keckermann knowledge Learned LeGrand logic textbooks Logicians School-Master Logick System Melanchthon method mind nature negative Oxford Philosophy Port-Royal Logic predicate proposition Puritans Quantity Ramist Ramist logic Ramus Rational reason reform religious religiously-oriented Richardson Risible role rules Samuel Samuel Sewall Seventeenth Century skepticism Socrates species Spirit substance syllogisms term things Thomas Brattle tradition true truth tutor universall University univocall Wigglesworth William Brattle words wrote