Aristotle on False Reasoning: Language and the World in the Sophistical Refutations
Presenting the first book-length study in English of Aristotle’s Sophistical Refutations, this work takes a fresh look at this seminal text on false reasoning. Through a careful and critical analysis of Aristotle’s examples of sophistical reasoning, Scott G. Schreiber explores Aristotle’s rationale for his taxonomy of twelve fallacy types. Contrary to certain modern attempts to reduce all fallacious reasoning to either errors of logical form or linguistic imprecision, Aristotle insists that, as important as form and language are, certain types of false reasoning derive their persuasiveness from mistaken beliefs about the nature of language and the nature of the world.
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Reasoning and the Sophistical Refutations
Fallacies Due to Language
Form of the Expression
Aristotle and Protagoras
Composition Division and Accent
Begging the Question and NonCause As Cause
Accident and Consequent
Historical Reasons for Treating Fallacies Due
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Accent accidental premise ambiguity answerer appears argue arises Aristode Aristode's Aristotle Aristotle's examples Begging the Question Categories Category mistakes chapter cites claim Composition and Division conclusion confusion context Coriscus Cratylus dialectical distinction distinguish double meaning due to Accident due to Consequent due to double due to Form due to homonymy due to language eaxiv epistemic eristic etvai Euthydemus Expression extralinguistic fallacies due fallacies of Composition fallacy types false arguments false belief false presupposition false reasoning false refutation grammatical Greek homonymy and amphiboly Ignoratio Elenchi involve Kaxd linguistic linguistic fallacies logical multiple signification multivocity name or phrase nature Non-Cause As Cause nonlinguistic ontological otov particular Plato possible predication Prior Analytics Protagoras reference render resolution resolve Rhet Rhetoric single Socrates solecism someone sophism Sophistical Refutations substance syllogism syntactical Third Man Argument tion true type of fallacy universal xcbv