Aristotle's two systems
Each of the two major approaches to Aristotle--the unitarian, which understands his work as forming a single, unified system, and the developmentalist, which seeks a sequence of developing ideas--has inherent limitations. This book proposes a synthetic view of Aristotle that sees development as a change between systematic theories. Setting theories of the so-called logical works beside theories of the physical and metaphysical treatises, Graham shows that Aristotle's doctrines fall into two distinct systems of philosophies that are genetically related. This study--the first major alternative to the unitarian approach since Jaeger pioneered the developmentalist method in 1923--provides a sweeping reappraisal of Aristotle's science and metaphysics and a new approach to the problem of substance presented in the Metaphysics.
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The Incommensurability of the Systems
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A.Po A.Pr actuality analogy analysis apply argued argument Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle's Aristotle's philosophy Aristotle's thought attributes biological Categories Chapter claim components composite concept concrete substance context correlative criteria definition developmental differentia distinction doctrine eiSos Eleatic elements entities essence Eudemus evepyeux evidence example explanation fact final cause form and matter formal cause four cause theory genus hence hylomorphic hypothesis identify incommensurable instance interpretation Jaeger kind language linguistic logical material cause matter and form meaning metaphysical middle term natural noted notion nouns object ontology Organon paradigm Parmenides particular philosophical philosophy of science Platonic position potentiality predication premisses presupposes primary substance principles problem Protrepticus question reference relation Riemannian geometry Ross scheme scientific secondary substances sense Socrates soul species structure substancehood substantial change substratum suggests syllogism syllogistic systematic theory of Forms things unitarian universal