Aristotle's Theory of Actuality
This is an attack on Aristotle showing that, after his revolt against Plato's separate ideas, he formulated his actualistic ontology denying the reality of all potential things and holding that only actual things are real. In a misplaced or mistaken drive toward consistency, Aristotle then applied this ontology to other areas of his philosophy with the result that many of his major theses are essentially vacuous
When applied in his physics, this led to the view that all natural motions are uncaused and therefore self-explanatory. Related consequences were Aristotle's physical indeterminism, holism, and the true meaning of his teleology and theory of god. In his logical theory Aristotle presented a system of empty explanations and argued that these are the only scientific explanations possible. Since mathematics appears to deal with non-actual entities, Aristotle formulated an actualistic theory of mathematics, leading to the first notion of a universal mathematics. This book shows how actualism served as the foundation of an anti-informationist philosophy of nature, science, logic, and mathematics.
These consequences make Aristotle's actualism the natural framework for twentieth-century science and its philosophy.
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abstraction actualistic actuality akrasia animal arche of motion argued argument Aris Aristotelian Aristotle says Aristotle's ontology Aristotle's theory attributes becomes biped body Callias causal cause Charlton coincidence coincidental concept conclusion consequence consistency-potentiality definition denote Descartes distinction effect elements end-potentiality energeia entails entelecheia essence eternal exactly exist explanation fact genuine potentiality genus geometrical Hardie and Gaye Hence hexis ibid identity implies indeterminate indivisible interpretation kind kinesis knowledge law of noncontradiction Lloyd logical logos mathematical entities matter means moved mover natural motion necessarily necessity non-x noninformative nonreality objects obviously ousia particular perceptible Phil philosophy of mathematics Phronesis Phys physical Platonic plenitude principle possible poten predicated premises prime matter prior priority qua-operator reality refutation relative rigid designators Ross self-movers sense sensible separate Socrates Sorabji soul species strictly substance syllogism teleology tentiality thesis thing thought tion totle's Tredennick triangle true unity universal unmoved mover
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