Arms Diffusion: The Spread of Military Innovations in the International System
Weapons proliferation is one of the most pressing global concerns following the end of the Cold War. Despite the absence of an overarching superpower conflict, armaments and related technologies have continued to spread throughout the international system. This has been particularly true in areas like East Asia and the Middle East, where the traditional two party arms races are not readily apparent. This text addresses these concerns and shortcomings using data on fourteen specific military technological innovations that diffused throughout the international system from 1960 to 1997.
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analysis anti-tank arms categories arms diffusion arms diffusion process arms export arms producers arms race arms spread arms trade arms transfers ATGMs attack helicopters calender Chapter Cold Cold War combat aircraft conflict cumulative number data set defense designation diffusion curves diffusion patterns diffusion process diffusion rates diffusion term early economic Entac examining example factors fighter figures forces global arms diffusion global spread hegemon hypotheses impact increase independent variables Initial Innovation international system interstate Iran Iraq Iraq's Israel Korea literature long-range SAMs major MBTs military innovations military technological innovation military technologies Mirage missiles MTI diffusion MTIs North Yemen nuclear number of adopters number of democracies operational overall period post-Cold potential radar rate of arms region regression result Saudi Arabia significant sion SIPRI South Korea specific spread of arms superpower surface-to-air missiles tanks theoretical third threat tion USSR Warsaw Pact weapons systems West Germany