Army Biometric Applications: Identifying and Addressing Sociocultural Concerns
Rand Corporation, Aug 20, 2001 - Business & Economics - 225 pages
Every human possesses more than one virtually infallible form of identification. Known as biometrics, examples include fingerprints, iris and retinal scans, hand geometry, and other measures of physical characteristics and personal traits. Advances in computers and related technologies have made this a highly automated process through which recognition occurs almost instantaneously. With concern about its information assurance systems and physical access control increasing, the Army has undertaken an assessment of how it can use biometrics to improve security, efficiency, and convenience. This report examines the sociocultural concerns that arise among soldiers, civilian employees, and the general public when the military mandates widespread use of biometrics. The authors see no significant legal obstacles to Army use of biometrics but recommend that the Army go beyond the provisions of the Privacy Act of 1974 to allay concerns related to this emerging technology. This report should be of interest to those responsible for access control as well as anyone concerned about privacy and technology issues.
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Chapter One INTRODUCTION
Chapter Two A PRIMER ON BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGY
Chapter Three WHAT CONCERNS DO BIOMETRICS RAISE AND HOW DO THEY DIFFER FROM CONCERNS ABOUT OTHER IDENTIFICATI...
Chapter Four WHAT STEPS CAN THE ARMY TAKE TO ADDRESS THESE CONCERNS?
Chapter Five WHAT IS THE FEASIBILITY OF A NATIONAL BIOMETRIC CENTER?
Chapter Six CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
A TECHNICAL PRIMER
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Army Biometric Applications: Identifying and Addressing ..., Issue 1237
John D. Woodward (Jr.)
No preview available - 2001
Act’s Appendix Army community Army’s automated biometric authentication biometric center biometric data biometric device biometric identifier biometric systems biometric technologies biometric template central repository collection constitutional data collector database Department directive’s disclosure DMDC DoD Biometrics electronic employees enrollment ensure establish evaluation example exception facial recognition federal agencies files fingerprint records Fort Sill fraud function creep hand geometry identity theft implementation individual individual’s informational privacy INSPASS International iris pattern Iris Scan issues Keystroke Dynamics Kroger law enforcement mainstream biometrics Management metric military Office participants password personal data personal information personnel physical privacy potential Privacy Act privacy concerns purposes RDT&E center regulations religious objections requires Retinal Scan routine safe harbor sample sensor servicemembers smart card Social Services sociocultural concerns specific stored Supreme Court system of records tion U.S. Army vendor Wayman Whalen