Army Deployments to OIF and OEF
In October 2008, the Vice Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army asked the RAND Arroyo Center to assess the demands placed upon the Army by the continuing deployments of soldiers to operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. In this analysis, numerous questions were addressed. How many soldiers has the Army been asked to maintain in theater over the course of OEF and OIF? How does this demand for soldiers compare with the numbers of troops maintained in theater by the other services? How does the demand for soldiers translate into a rate of soldiers deployed? What has the Army done to reduce the individual deployment ratio by increasing the number of soldiers it can deploy? Of the soldiers on active duty today, how many have deployed? How many have not yet deployed, and for what reasons? The principal source of data for this analysis was the Defense Manpower Data Center (DMDC). Analyzing deployment data through December 2008, Arroyo found that the Army has provided over 1 million troop-years to OIF and OEF, and most soldiers now deployed to OEF and OIF are on their second or third tour. Those soldiers who have not yet gone to OEF and OIF typically fall into one of two categories: new soldiers, needing to complete training before deployment; and experienced soldiers, needed for missions outside of Iraq and Afghanistan. The demand for active-duty soldiers in OEF and OIF would have exceeded supply under the Army's normal deployment policies, so the Army took several actions to increase supply: it increased the overall size of the active component; it reassigned soldiers from other missions to the pool of soldiers rotating to OEF and OIF; and it greatly increased the rate at which soldiers rotate to and from the wars -- to a rate that the Chief of Staff of the Army has characterized as unsustainable. The Army retains very limited unutilized capacity to deploy additional active-duty soldiers beyond the current troop levels in OEF and OIF.
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DEMAND FOR TROOPS IN OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM
ARMY DEPLOYMENT CAPACITY AND SOLDIER
MAPPING SOLDIER FLOWS INTO UNITS
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67 percent active-duty soldiers active-duty strength active-duty troops Army active-duty Army Deployments Army has provided Army's Asymmetric Warfare beginning of OIF BOG:Dwell ratio Boots on ground cadets Chief of Staff combat zone Contingency Tracking System CTS Deployment File cumulative deployed Defense Manpower Data deployed duty deployed to Iraq deployed to OIF deployed to OIF/OEF deployment ratio DMDC database DoD active-duty home station infrastructure initial entry training Iraq and Afghanistan Iraq or Afghanistan Jul-09 SOURCE Manpower Data Center Marine Corps Military Occupational Specialty million troop-years missions national missile defense Navy number of soldiers numbers of troops OEF or OIF OEF/OIF Office OIF and OEF OIF or OEF Operation Enduring Freedom Operation Iraqi Freedom overseas locations RAND Arroyo Center reserve component soldiers Secretary of Defense September 2005 soldier deployments soldiers have deployed soldiers spend spent traveling TDA units TTHS account U.S. Air Force U.S. Army U.S. Military Academy warrior transition units