Royal Society of Chemistry, 2002 - Aromatic compounds - 168 pages
This book provides an up-to-date and comprehensive account of aromatic chemistry. A series of chapters describes the synthesis and reactions of the major functional derivatives of benzene and the more common polycyclic systems. The concept of aromaticity and the mechanism of aromatic substitution are discussed, as is the use of metals in the synthesis of aromatic compounds. Throughout, emphasis is placed on mechanisms. Worked problems and questions are provided to aid understanding. In addition to providing material required by an undergraduate studying chemistry, Aromatic Chemistry is also ideal for industrial chemists seeking to update their knowledge of this important aspect of chemistry. Ideal for the needs of undergraduate chemistry students, Tutorial Chemistry Texts is a major new series consisting of short, single topic or modular texts concentrating on the fundamental areas of chemistry taught in undergraduate science courses. Each book provides a concise account of the basic principles underlying a given subject, embodying an independent-learning philosophy and including worked examples.
Alkylbenzenes and Arylbenzenes
Aromatic Aldehydes Ketones and Alcohols
Aromatic Amines and Diazonium Salts
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4-positions 7i-electrons acetic alcohols aldehydes aliphatic alkene alkyl amino group anhydride aniline anion anthracene aqueous aromatic aldehydes aromatic compounds aromatic ring aromatic substitution aromatic systems aryl halides benzaldehyde benzene ring benzoic acid benzyl bromine canonical forms carbanion carbon atom carbonyl carbonyl group carboxylic acid catalyst cation Chapter chloride chlorobenzene complex cyclic derivatives diazonium salt diazotization double bond effect elec electron density electron-deficient electron-donating electron-withdrawing groups electrophilic attack electrophilic substitution ester example Friedel-Crafts acylation Friedel-Crafts reaction gives Grignard reagent halogen hybrid hydrogen hydrolysis intermediate ketones Lewis acid lone pair mechanism meta metal methyl group mixture molecule naphthalene nitration nitric acid nitro group nitrobenzene nitrogen nitronium nucleophilic attack nucleophilic substitution occurs orbitals ortho ortholpara oxidation pair of electrons phenol position potassium presence proton react reactive reduction resonance Scheme side-chain sodium species stabilization structure sulfonic acid group sulfuric acid synthesis tion toluene trophilic undergo zene