Arrowheads & Stone Artifacts: A Practical Guide for the Amateur Archaeologist

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Pruett Publishing, 2000 - History - 226 pages
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This practical, down-to-earth guide for surface collectors of arrowheads and stone artifacts is designed especially for amateur archaeologists and people interested in learning how to study and collect artifacts safely and responsibly. The author reveals invaluable tips on: where to look for artifacts; how to identify artifacts; where surface collecting is permissible; starting and caring for your own collection. With more than fifty new photographs and illustrations of common and rare artifacts, this book is the perfect addition to libraries of amateur archaeologists thirsty for knowledge about preserving and interpreting the remains of a prehistoric culture.
 

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Contents

1 Petrikins Hill arrowhead Greeley Colorado
1
SueYeager at homestead site in central Wyoming 3 Petrikins Hill Greeley Colorado 4 Folsom point
2
AMATEUR ARCHAEOLOGISTS CODE OF ETHICS
5
Chapter
11
Bureau of Land Management map symbols 7 Bureau of Land Management
15
U S Geological Survey
16
WHY LOOK FOR ARTIFACTS?
19
Camping on field trip 11 The authors family on a weekend outing
22
The burin 82 Knife drill and adze 83 The axe 84 Grooved or hafted axe 85 Ungrooved hand axes or celts 86 Spokeshaves or shaft scrapers
102
Spokeshaves from authors family collection
105
Mano types with metate 89 Granite mano and metate
108
Sandstone mano and metate
109
Top side of mano 92 Bottom side of mano 93 Assorted manos 94 The hammerstone or percussor
112
Mortar and pestle
113
Stone mortar
114
Boulder mortar with pestle 98 Abrader or shaft straightener
116

Granddaughters on camping trip 13 Assorted flint materials
27
Agate
28
Chalcedony 16 Jasper 17 Chert
29
Obsidian 19 Petrified wood 20 Quartz
31
Quartzite
32
Conchoidal fracture
36
Chapter 5
39
Manmade flake of flint 24 A flint core
40
Striking platform for flaking
41
2t Methods of direct percussion
42
Methods of indirect percussion
43
Methods of pressure flaking
44
Pressureflaked thumb scraper and knife 30 The preform
45
Basic arrowhead terminology
49
H ifted arrowhead 33 General spearpoint and arrowhead sizes
50
Typical arrowhead notch and base types
51
Chapter 7
52
Spearpoint or arrowhead? 36 Spearpoint or knife?
53
Knives mistaken for arrowheads 38 Spearshaft 39 Foreshaft 40 Atlatl
54
Commonly found arrowhead pieces
56
Reworked points and tools
57
Reworked projectile points in authors family collection
59
The socalled stunner
60
Notchless point 46 Serrated point 47 The metal arrowhead
62
Assorted arrowheads and miscellaneous tools 49 Projectile point identification guide 50 Assorted drills 51 Drills from authors family collection 52 Ha...
65
Bottom side of scrapers
66
The beaked Paleo scraper
67
Basic knife types
68
Basic knife types
69
Knives from authors family collection
70
Preform versus knife
71
Cody knife and corner Tang knife
72
Quarry blank preform and knife
73
Hafted contemporary stone knives
74
STONE ARTIFACTS
75
The chisel 77 The
97
The crescent 79 The allpurpose tool 80 The adze
99
Large and small abraders 101 The maul or hammer 102 The stone
118
Assorted stone balls
120
The core
121
Assorted utility artifacts 106 Assorted ceremonial or ornamental artifacts
124
Assorted rubbing or polishing stones
125
The pendant 109 Assorted pendants and pendant blanks
129
The gorget 111 The amulet
130
The discoidal 113 The plummet
131
Various bead styles
133
Chapter 8
137
The homestead campsite 116 The riverbluff campsite
139
The plateau campsite 118 The dry lakebed campsite
140
The lake campsite 120 The spring campsite
142
Riverbed site 122 Small tepee ring 123 Large tepee ring
145
Prairie hilltop site 125 Blowout site
149
Buffalo jump or game entrapment site
151
Buffalo wallow site
152
Promontory site 129 U S Geological Survey
159
Geological Survey map symbol chart
160
Chapter 9
163
Rainwashed arrowhead in situ 132 Windblown arrowhead in situ 133 Rainwashed arrowhead in situ 134 Waterwashed arrowhead in situ 135 Windbl...
164
Arrowheadhunting accessories
170
Petroglyphs
172
Anasazi pottery sherds HO Anasazi pot stopper
173
Assorted Great Plains potsherds 142 Various modern manmade finds 143 Various natural finds and stone artifacts
174
The contemporary arrowhead photographed 145 The contemporary arrowhead diagrammed
180
DOCUMENTATION AND PRESERVATION
183
Artifact design frame
188
Arrowhead frame
189
Assorted artifact frames
190
Loveland Archaeological Society field trip
194
Stone Age Fair history exhibit
195
Loveland Stone Age Fair speakers 152 Author at Folsom New Mexico museum 153 Sand Creekoriginal pastel by C G Yeager
196
Glossary
199
Bibliography
213
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