The Art of Building in Yemen
This is the first systematic survey of the architecture of Yemen, covering the full range of vernacular building types, styles, and materials found throughout the country. It may also be the last look at this architecture in its purest, most homogeneous form as Yemen becomes increasingly susceptible to the Western influences which have already begun to alter the environments of its richer neighbors on the Arabian Peninsula. The carefully chosen photographs and line drawings make this a definitive reference book for architects, travelers, and readers interested in a remarkably varied and elaborate architectural tradition. Part one, Space and Form, covers the environment and its control through dams, terraces, wells, and moats; the basic types of shelters from tents and caves to the remarkable "tower houses" (commonly six stories high) and the basic types of settlements from desert outgrowths and hilltop hamlets to urban centers of trade and polity; building methods and materials, including mud, plaster, stone, and brick; and architectural elements such as roofs, walls, gratings, doors, and windows (many with brilliantly colored glass). The book's second part, Regional Surveys, notes architectural variations and distributions from the coastal strip to the midlands, highlands, and plateau, and includes a separate chapter on urban development. Fernando Varanda is an architect who has spent a number of years in Yeman under the auspices of the United Nations and later the Art and Archaeology Research Papers of London.
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CONTENTS INTRODUCTION Martha Mundy
SPACE AND FORM 1 CONTROLLING THE ENVIRONMENT
SHELTER AND SETTLEMENT
7 other sections not shown
al-Bayda al-Hada al-Hudayda alabaster arches areas at-Tawila Bani Matar Barat Bayt Bottom Left Bottom Right built carvings ceilings Centre and Bottom Centre Left Centre Right coloured construction decorative designs Dhamar diwan domes door Eastern Plateau enamel paint entrance facade fanlights Floor plans frame friezes ground floor gypsum Hajja hallway Highlands hijra house type Imams inlays interior Islamic Jewish Kawkaban Khamir kharja kitchen lightwells lime plaster ma'jil Ma'rib madina mafraj minaret mosque motifs mountains mud building mud houses openings Opposite organisation painted pre-lslamic Radac Red Sea Red Sea house reed house region roof terrace rural Sacda San'a Sanca settlements sheikh's house shubaq south-east stone walls storage storeys street style surfaced Tacizz takhrim Thula Tihama tion top court top floor Top Left Top Right TOWER HOUSES town traditional Turkish urban usta usually ventilation village watch tower wooden Yarim Yemen Arab Republic Zabid zabur