Art of the Mammoth Hunters: The Finds from Avdeevo
Unique examples of Paleolithic art and an extremely rich collection of stone and bone implements make the site of Avdeevo one of the most interesting and important of the Upper Paleolithic on the Russian plain. These assemblages point to clear connections with sites such as Willendorf and Dolni Vestonice in central Europe as well as with the similar Russian site at Kostenki.
The worked bone and art objects include bone awls and decorated points, burnishers, diadems, trinkets and beads. There are fragments of bone with engraved ornament; there are utilitarian objects with anthropomorphic and zoomorphic decoration; there are figurines of mammoth and horse; and there are fourteen female figures with distinctive artistic characteristics that distinguish them from similar material from other sites.
The descriptions and illustrations of all these objects have been prepared by Mariana Gvozdover who began excavating at Avdeevo in 1972; they are here edited for publication by Paul Bahn.
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abdomen accentuation adzes angles animal arctic fox art objects artifacts artistic Avd-II Avd-N Avd-St Avdeevo and Kostenki axis backed blades bands blades body bracelets breast/abdomen breasts burins buttocks Central checkwork complex contour cross-section cultural layer cut-through slot decorative field depict diadems dividing bands edges Efimenko elongated face female figurines female images Figure flat flattened flint found at Avdeevo fragments Gagarino Gravettian Gvozdover inventory Khotylevo knives Kostenki culture Kostenki figurines Kostenki type Kostenki-Avdeevo culture Kostenki-I legs length located mammoth ivory marl metapodia Old Avd oval Pavlovian peculiarities piercers pithouses pits posture preparation piece prominent protruding pubic triangle represented retouch Rogachev rounded rows of slanting Russian Plain semantic shaped shouldered points shovels similar slanting crosses specimens staggered interval strokes subtriangular surface symmetrical thick transverse tusk typical upper end Upper Paleolithic wedge-shaped notching width Willendorf woman Zavernyaev zoomorphic