Arthropods as Vectors of Emerging Diseases

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Heinz Mehlhorn
Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 5, 2012 - Science - 388 pages
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Global warming and globalization are the buzzwords of our time. They have nearly reached a religious status and those who deny their existence are considered modern heretics. Nevertheless, the earth has become an overcrowded village, traversable within a single day. Thus it is hardly surprising that besides persons and goods also agents of disease are easily transported daily from one end of the world to the other, threatening the health and lives of billions of humans and their animals. Agents of diseases (prions, viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites) are not only transmitted by body contact or direct exchange of bodily fluids, but also by means of vectors which belong to the groups of licking or blood-sucking arthropods (mites, ticks, insects) that live close to humans and their houses.

Without a doubt the recently accelerating globalization supports the import of agents of disease into countries where they never had been or where they had long since been eradicated, leading to a false sense of living on a “safe island.” These newly imported or reintroduced diseases – called “emerging diseases” – may lead to severe outbreaks in cases where the countries are not prepared to combat them, or in cases where viruses are introduced that cannot be controlled by medications or vaccines.

Arthropods are well known vectors for the spread of diseases. Thus their invasion from foreign countries and their spreading close to human dwellings must be blocked everywhere (in donor and receptor countries) using safe and effective measures.

This book presents reviews on examples of such arthropod-borne emerging diseases that lurk on the fringes of our crowded megacities. The following topics show that there is an ongoing invasion of potential vectors and that control measures must be used now in order to avoid disastrous outbreaks of mass diseases.

 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Culicid Mosquitoes as Vectors of Disease Agents in Europe
1
Chapter 2 Exotic Mosquitoes Conquer the World
31
Chapter 3 Future Strategies for European Pest Management
61
Chapter 4 Assessing Diversity and Abundance of Vector Populations at a National Scale Example of Culicoides Surveillance in France After Bluetong...
77
Chapter 5 Bluetongue Disease An Analysis of the Epidemic in Germany 20062009
103
Chapter 6 Impact of InsecticideTreated Nets on Insects of Medical and Veterinary Relevance
136
Chapter 7 The Changing Distribution Patterns of Ticks Ixodida in Europe in Relation to Emerging TickBorne Diseases
151
Chapter 8 The Huge Risks Due to Hyalomma Ticks
167
Chapter 10 Flies as Vectors of Parasites Potentially Inducing Severe Diseases in Humans and Animals
227
Chapter 11 Lice as Vectors of Bacterial Diseases
255
Chapter 12 Triatomines as Vectors of American Trypanosomiasis
275
Chapter 13 Fleas as Underestimated Vectors of Agents of Diseases
300
Chapter 14 Marine Crustaceans as Potential Hosts and Vectors for Metazoan Parasites
329
Chapter 15 Spotted Fever Rickettsiae and Rickettsioses in Germany
361
Index
377
Copyright

Chapter 9 Flies as Vectors of Microorganisms Potentially Inducing Severe Diseases in Humans and Animals
195

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