Arthroscopy of the Knee
Arthroscopy is now a safe way of diagnosing disorders of the knee joint. Consistent procedures allow for speedy orientation within the knee joint's complex structures. The section on diagnosis covers the menisci, capsular ligament, cartilage, patella & synovia. The section on operative procedures deals with all of the surfaces & internal structures of the knee joint.
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Techniques and Prerequisites
Problems and Complications
Examination of the Menisci
Examination of Capsule and Ligaments
Disorders of the Synovial Membrane and Plica Syndrome
Surgery of the Joint Surfaces
Arthroscopy and Miniarthrotomy
allow anesthesia anterior cruciate ligament arthros arthroscopic examination arthroscopic operation arthroscopic procedure arthroscopic surgery arthrotomy articular cartilage bone bucket handle tear central approach clinical damage degenerative diagnostic arthroscopy discoid meniscus drawer test edge electroresection extended femoral condyle femur flap tear flexion fractures fragment hiatus popliteus horizontal tear incision indications injuries insertion inspected instability instruments intercondylar notch irrigation joint compartment joint space knee joint lateral meniscus lesions liquid medium longitudinal tear loose bodies medial and lateral medial collateral ligament medial meniscus meniscectomy meniscus repair meniscus tears necessary needle open surgical osteochondritis osteochondritis dissecans palpation patella patellar tendon pathological patient performed plica popliteal muscle popliteus portal posterior compartments posterior cruciate ligament posterior horn posterolateral postoperative probing hook pump radial tear rehabilitation removed resection rotating scope structures suprapatellar recess surgeon surgical procedures suture synovectomy synovial membrane synovium technique tibial plateau tion tourniquet trochlear groove undersurface valgus stress varus vascular visualized
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Page 26 - Advantages of this method are its simplicity and the fact that it is applicable to liquid and gaseous systems .
Page 143 - Simonsen O, Jensen J, Mouritsen P, Lauritzen J. The accuracy of clinical examination of injury of the knee joint. Injury 1984; 16: 96-101.
Page 143 - O'Connor RL. The arthroscope in the management of crystalinduced synovitis of the knee. J Bone Joint Surg 1973;55A:1443.
Page 4 - At the knee, ligaments limit and control the articular surfaces at all stages of movement, but at no stage are the ligaments left without the active support of muscular action.
Page 143 - Factors associated with poor results following arthroscopic subcutaneous lateral retinacular release. Clin Orthop 1984;186:165-171.
Page 143 - Arthroscopy in acute traumatic haemarthrosis of the knee. J Bone Joint Surg 1980;62A:687.
Page 143 - Spievack ES. Extra-articular fluid dissection in tissues during arthroscopy. Am J Sports Med 1982;10:346.
Page 143 - In: Casscells SW, ed. Arthroscopy: diagnostic and surgical practice. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger, 1984:147.