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SOUNDS OF AMERICAN ENGLISH VOWELS
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affricate air stream allophone aloud alveolar alveolar ridge American English articulation assimilation back vowel beginning central breathing central vowel Check your pronunciation Common Deviations communication CONTRAST deﬁned deﬁnition devoiced dictionaries diphthong distortion example exercises exhalation feel ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁr ﬁrm ﬁrmly ﬁrst ﬁrst word ﬁve ﬂoor fricative front vowel gum ridge inﬂuence initial involved language larynx lips listener loud Materials for Practicing meaning mouth movement muscles nasal consonant nasal resonance nasal sounds nonstandard nonverbal oral cavity oral resonance pairs of words paralanguage phonation phoneme phonemic diphthong pitch position produce Pronounce the word raise relaxed represented in IPA respiration schwa sentences soft palate speak speakers speciﬁc speech patterns spelling stop consonant stressed syllable substitution syllable teeth tense tension tion tongue tip triphthongation unstressed variation velum vocal folds vibrating voice improvement voice production voice quality voiceless