Artificial Organs

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Morgan & Claypool Publishers, 2006 - Medical - 66 pages
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The replacement or augmentation of failing human organs with artificial devices and systems has been an important element in health care for several decades. Such devices as kidney dialysis to augment failing kidneys, artificial heart valves to replace failing human valves, cardiac pacemakers to reestablish normal cardiac rhythm, and heart assist devices to augment a weakened human heart have assisted millions of patients in the previous 50 years and offers lifesaving technology for tens of thousands of patients each year. Significant advances in these biomedical technologies have continually occurred during this period, saving numerous lives with cutting edge technologies. Each of these artificial organ systems will be described in detail in separate sections of this lecture.
 

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Contents

Artificial Heart Valves
1
12 PROSTHETIC HEART VALVES
4
13 EVALUATION OF PROSTHETIC VALVES
9
Artificial Heart and Cardiac Assist Devices
11
22 HEART ASSIST TECHNOLOGY
13
23 EVALUATION OF BLOOD PUMPS
19
Cardiac Pacemakers
27
33 CARDIAC PACEMAKER
31
34 PACEMAKER IMPLANTATION
39
35 CARDIOVERTER
40
Dialysis
43
42 DIALYSIS PROCEDURE AND THE DIALYSIS SYSTEM
45
43 HISTORY OF DIALYSIS
51
44 DIALYZER CARTRIDGE REUSE
52
References
57
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Page 64 - Rosenberg G, Snyder AJ , Landis DL, Geselowitz DB, Donachy JH and Pierce WS: An electric motor driven total artificial heart: Seven months survival in the calf.
Page 1 - Ventricles - The ventricles have thick walls as compared to the thin walls of the atria. They must pump blood out of the heart to the lungs and other distant parts of the body. The heart also contains many important valves. The tricuspid valve is located between the right atrium and the right ventricle. It prevents the backflow of blood into the atrium after the contraction of the right ventricle. The bicuspid valve, or mitral valve, is situated between the left atrium and the left ventricle. It...
Page 1 - The pulmonary valve is located between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery, a blood vessel that carries blood to the lungs.
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Page 64 - Rosenberg G, Snyder A, Weiss W, Landis DL, Geselowitz DB, Pierce WS. A cam-type electric motor-driven left ventricular assist device.

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