Artificial War: Multiagent-based Simulation Of Combat

Front Cover
World Scientific, Jun 14, 2004 - Computers - 784 pages
Military conflicts, particularly land combat, possess the characteristics of complex adaptive systems: combat forces are composed of a large number of nonlinearly interacting parts and are organized in a dynamic command-and-control network; local action, which often appears disordered, self-organizes into long-range order; military conflicts, by their nature, proceed far from equilibrium; military forces adapt to a changing combat environment; and there is no master “voice” that dictates the actions of every soldier (i.e., battlefield action is decentralized). Nonetheless, most modern “state of the art” military simulations ignore the self-organizing properties of combat.This book summarizes the results of a multiyear research effort aimed at exploring the applicability of complex adaptive systems theory to the study of warfare, and introduces a sophisticated multiagent-based simulation of combat called EINSTein. EINSTein, whose bottom-up, generative approach to modeling combat stands in stark contrast to the top-down or reductionist philosophy that still underlies most conventional military models, is designed to illustrate how many aspects of land combat may be understood as self-organized, emergent phenomena. Used worldwide by the military operations research community, EINSTein has pioneered the simulation of combat on a small to medium scale by using autonomous agents to model individual behaviors and personalities rather than hardware.
 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction
1
A Primer
71
Eight Tiers of Applicability
159
Mathematical Overview
217
Methodology
277
Sample EINSTeinSample Behavior
433
Chapter 7 Breeding Agents
501
Chapter 8 Concluding Remarks Speculations
543
Appendix B EINSTein Homepage
569
Appendix C EINSTein Development Tools
573
Appendix D Installing EINSTein
575
Appendix E A Concise Users Guide to EINSTein
581
Appendix F Differences Between EINSTein Versions 10 and older and 11 and newer
651
Appendix G EINSTeins Data Files
661
Bibliography
709
Index
739

Appendix A Additional Resources
561

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