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s Life at the Edge of Chaos
Spontaneous Emergence of a Metabolism
23 other sections not shown
activity waves adaptive Addison-Wesley Artificial artificial chemistry autocatalytic metabolisms autocatalytic set behavior biological catalytic cell Cellular Automata chemical chemistry co-evolving collisions concentration cooperative core corresponding defined dynamics ecosystem emergence encoded environment equations equilibrium evaluation evolution evolutionary activity evolve example execution expression Figure finite fitness landscapes fixed point food set function function composition genes genetic algorithm genome genotype hypercycle individual initial input instruction interaction graph iterations kinetic L-systems Langton learning metadynamics molecules monomers mutation MVNM Nash equilibria natural neural Opcode operators optimal organisms parameters parasites phase transition phenotype physical pointer polymers population possible problem produce programmable matter properties random Rasmussen reactions replication representation S-expressions Santa Fe Institute Sciences of Complexity selection self-organizing self-replicating sequence simulation sorting networks species spiral spontaneous strategy string structure symbol template theory tion Turing gas Turing machine University variable virus viruses